Acts and Mission

  1. State the 1-sentence summary of Luke-Acts. (Slide 3)
    • The exalted King, Jesus Christ, brings
    • healing and salvation to all nations
    • By the Power of the Holy Spirit.
  2. Recognize this:
    "Now, all these evidences of accuracy are not accidental. A
    man whose accuracy can be demonstrated in matters
    where we are able to test it is likely to be accurate even
    where the means for testing him are not available.
    Accuracy is a habit of mind … Luke’s record entitles him
    to be regarded as a writer of habitual accuracy."
    FF Bruce’s conclusion about Luke’s accuracy
  3. What are Luke’s two claims for his accounts in Luke & Acts (recognize)
    1.‘Carefully investigate’ – ‘certainty’

    Q: Does he have an accurate mind?

    2. ‘An orderly account’

    Q: Is there a clear literary plan?
  4. What is Luke using here? (Recognize)
    ( see Slides 15-19)
    1:5-13 Angel Gabriel announces child to be born
    1:18 Zechariah’s question
    1:19-25 Angelic pronouncement
    1:39-45 Bridge text, links two narratives
    1:67-79 Zechariah’s prophetic song
    1:57-66 Birth of John: fulfillment
    1:80 And the child grew and
    became strong in spirit; and
    he lived in the desert until
    he appeared publicly to
    2:1-7 Birth of Jesus: fulfillment
    1:26-33 Angel Gabriel announces
    child to be born
    1:25-37 Angelic pronouncement
    1:34 Mary’s question
    1:39-45 Bridge text, links two narratives
    2:8-51 Extra narrative about Jesus
    2:52 And Jesus grew in wisdom
    and stature, and in favor
    with God and men.
    2:8-51 Extra narrative about Jesus
    Answer- Jesus’ & John’s infancy narratives to show parallel literary structure.
  5. What is Luke using here? (Recognize)

    ( see Slides 15-19)
    The Story of Jesus: The kingdom spreads Volume I vs.Volume II
    Jesus- Galilee to Jerusalem/ Peter and Paul Jerusalem to Rome

    Jesus Trial before Sanhedrin/ Paul Trial before Sanhedrin

    Jesus Trial before Pilate/ Paul Trial before Felix

    Jesus Trial before Herod/ Paul Trial before Festus

    Jesus Death and Resurrection /Paul Trial before Agrippa
    /Paul Awaiting
    trial before Caesar
    /Acts ends abruptly
    Answer- balancing Volumes I &I; Luke & Acts to show parallel literary structure.
  6. What is Luke using here? (Recognize)

    ( see Slides 15-19)
    Peter vs Paul
    3:2 f Peter heals lame man/14:8 f Paul heals lame man

    5:15 Peter’s shadow heals people/19:11-12 Paul’s kerchiefs heal people

    5:16 Peter conducts exorcisms/ 16:16-18 Paul conducts exorcisms

    8:18f Peter confronts the sorcerer/ 13:6-12 Paul confronts the sorcerer

    9:36f Peter raises the dead /20:10-12 Paul raises the dead

    10:9fPeter was the first to reach Gentiles, as the result of a vision/ 22:17-21 Paul was commissioned to reach the Gentiles, as the result of a vision
    Peter & Paul in Acts to show parallel literary structure.
  7. What is Luke using here? (Recognize)

    ( see Slides 15-19)
    Item / Luke / Acts
    Beginning/ Birth, Anointing of Jesus /Baptism, filling of disciples

    Inaugural message/ Jesus’ Nazareth sermon/ Peter’ Pentecostal sermon

    Confirmatory signs/Casting out demons and healing sick in Capernaum/Healing lame man at beautiful gate
    Success /Widespread popular acclaim/ Widespread popular acclaim
    Opposition/ Pharisees,leaders of the Jews/Sanhedrin,Jews of thedispersion

    Travel/spread/Itinerant ministry in Galilee and Judea/Missionary journeys ofPeter and Paul

    Arrest and trial/Threefold trial: Sanhedrin,Pilate and Herod/Threefold trial: Felix,Festus and Agrippa

    Consummation/ The Cross/ Rome...?
    Luke & Acts in Parallel to show parallel literary structure.
  8. Recognize how Luke characterizes the relentless spread of the gospel and the Kingdom of God. (Slides 20-23)
    Geographical - demographic – historical interest

    The relentless progress of the gospel

    • Through geography
    • Through numbers
    • Through time

    The Journey – Making History

    A ‘travel narrative’ of the Kingdom

    The Kingdom ‘Takes Territory’ in the real world

    The Kingdom Spreads Historically

    • It moves forward, through Divinely
    • determined phases

    ‘An orderly account’

    • The Kingdom Spreads Geographically
    • Galilee
    • Perea
    • Jerusalem
    • Judea
    • Samaria
    • Syria
    • Asia
    • Greece
    • Italy
  9. List (in 1 sentence each) the ten major themes of Luke’s theology. (Slides 25-26)
    • 1. The new or messianic age has dawned, fulfilling Old Testament expectations and inauguratingthe relentless and determined will of God.
    • 2. Its focus is the messianic King, Jesus.
    • 3. It comes through the power of the Holy Spirit.
    • 4. Jesus the messiah brings healing and salvation.
    • 5. It spreads to all nations.
    • 6. This salvation includes previously excludedgroups: sinners, the sick, Gentiles, Samaritans,the poor, women and children.
    • 7. It spreads through the proclamation of theword.
    • 8. It spreads through healing and phenomena ofpower and revelation.
    • 9. Those who receive this salvation experienceforgiveness of sins and respond with song,praise, prayer and wonder.
    • 10. The message has financial and social implications.
  10. Recognize the four themes closely-related to the ten major themes of Luke’s theology. (Slide 29)
    1.The Kingdom of God: Messianic era/age

    2.Geographical & demographic spread

    3.Historical progression: promise and fulfillment

    • 4.Healing and salvation-
    • Salvation/history-Heilsgeschichte
  11. Recognize the various aspects of Luke-Acts’ theme “the will of God.” (Slides 37, 41 & 42)
    • The relentless and determined
    • will of God

    Luke’s idea of God is drawn from the Old Testament tradition … He is the God who exercises sovereign control over history, and Hehas a purpose which finds expression in salvation-history. The various events in salvation-history are all related to this plan of God.--Howard Marshall

    It is the theme of providence which, as we have seen, draws all of these interests and aims together. Providence was a central theme in hellenistic historiography, a theme which was also central to the Hebrew scriptures, albeit in different terminology. Providence was a central aspect of philosophical discussion and theory, and it had an apologetic function in the less technical writings of hellenism.Providence in the histories had a religious application; it emphasized certain rituals at the expense of others. All of these elements are found in Luke-Acts in association withthe theme of ‘the plan of God’, which provides us with a key to unlock some of the complexities of Luke-Acts. -John Squires
  12. What is this the main focus of:
    the Davidic King
    The time of fulfillment
    the Messianic Age
  13. List (in 1 phrase) Luke’s most comprehensive theme and list (in 1
    sentence each) any 8 of its 12 key points (Slides 52–54).
    • The Age of the Spirit
    • Messianic/ Anointed-:from the early infancy narrative to the end of Acts

     1.Prophetic activity just prior to the births John andJesus, creating the first announcement of the dawningof the new age (1:41, 67).

    2.The conception of Jesus and empowering of John fromhis mother’s womb (1:15, 35).

    • 3.The Spirit speaks prophetically through some whorecognize Jesus as a child of messianic destiny (2:26-27,36-38).
    • 4.The Spirit anoints Jesus at his baptism, to launch his ministry (3:22).

    5. Jesus’ inaugural address in Nazareth has him quoting acrucial messianic (i.e. Holy Spirit anointing) text (4:16-20).

    6.Jesus ministers in works of authority through the powerof the Spirit (power language).

    7. He is a “charismatic”: he has “Holy Spirit” ecstaticexperiences (10:21).

    8.After his resurrection Jesus tells the disciples to wait forthe coming of the Spirit (24:49).

    9.The Spirit falls at Pentecost, launching the ministry ofthe church. The arrival of the Spirit is eschatological andprophetic (Acts 2:1-4, 14-21).

    10.The three-fold movement of world missions will beaccomplished through the power of the Spirit (Acts 1:8).

    11.The apostles and disciples then minister in similar powerphenomena through the book of Acts, showing that thesame Spirit that was on Jesus is now on them (4:31; 6:5;7:55; 8:39; 10:44-45; 13:2-4; 13:52).

    • 12. Each people group is accepted into the messianiccommunity through receiving the Holy Spirit (Jews,Samaritans, Gentiles).
  14. Recognize which type of theology that Luke-Acts is the example of in the New Testament. (Slide 56).
    Luke-Acts is the charismatiic & missional New Testament theology
  15. Recognize a major way that Luke characterizes salvation.
    Salvation = healing = salvation
  16. (Recognize )
    Salvation is comprehensive
    Salvation is eschatological
    Salvation is Messianic/Davidic
    Salvation is universal
    The major aspects of Luke’s theology of salvation (Slide 63).
  17. List (in 1 word/phrase each) the eight types of people in focus in Luke’s theology of salvation and describe (in 6
    paragraphs) how Luke focuses on each type.
    • 1) those normally excluded,
    • 2) sinners,
    • 3) the lost,
    • 4) Gentiles,
    • 5) the poor,
    • 6) Samaritans,
    • 7) women
    • 8) children

    (Slides 63-96 and the “Salvation to previously excluded groups” section in The Mission of the Kingdom by Derek Morphew.)
  18. Recognize three means through which salvation spreads in Luke-Acts. (Slide 105)
    The Power of the Holy Spirit


    Phenomena of Power & Revelation
  19. List (in 1 phrase each) four examples from Luke-Acts of the power of the Spirit, healing, and the phenomena of power and
    revelation. Include four examples from “Jesus’ Galilean Ministry” (Slides 107-109)
    • Luke Galillean Ministry
    • 3:11 Holy Spirit/dove descends on Jesus
    • 4:1,14 Jesus, full/power of the Spirit
    • 4:18 Isaiah, Messianic anointing fulfilled
    • 4:36 Power, orders spirit to leave
    • 4:40 Heals all the sick in the village
    • 5:12-15 Heals the leper
    • 5:17 Power present to heal
    • 5:18-26 Paralytic healed
    • 6:10-11 Shriveled hand restored(see slides for more options)
  20. Recognize how Luke portrayed people’s typical response upon receiving salvation in Luke-Acts (i.e., with song, praise and
    wonder, and the joy of the Holy Spirit). (Slide 125/128)
    The Song of Salvation


    Praise and Wonder

    The Song of Salvation

    Praise and Wonder

    The Joy of the Holy Spirit
  21. Recognize ways that Luke portrays people responding with joy in Luke-Acts. (Slide 135)
    • Being visited by God
    • Receiving or seeing healing
    • Receiving forgiveness of sin
    • Loudness and exclamation
    • Holy Spirit ecstacy
  22. Recognize what is going on here:

    1. At his baptism (3:21)
    2. Before his first confrontation with the Jewishhierarchy (5:16).
    3. Before choosing the 12 (6:12).
    4. Before the first prediction of the passion (9:18).
    5. At the transfiguration (9:29).
    6. Before teaching the kingdom prayer (11:1).
    7. On the cross (23: 34, 47).
    the significant times of prayer in Jesus’ life recorded only in the Gospel of Luke. (Slide 140)
  23. Recognize Jesus’ six statements about prayer recorded in Luke. (Slide 141)
    • 1. He assured Peter that he had prayed for him (22:32,40).
    • 2. “Ask, and it shall be given to you” (11:9).
    • 3. The parable of the friend at midnight (11:5-13).
    • 4. The parable of the unrighteous judge (18:1-8).
    • 5. The parable of the Pharisee and the sinner illustratesthe difference between real and posturing prayer(18:11-13).
    • 6. In Jesus teaching on watching in prayer, he adds “Bealways on the watch, and pray that you may be ableto escape all that is about to happen, and that youmay be able to stand before the Son of Man” (21:36).
  24. Recognize Derek Morphew’s view/conclusion regarding the date and author of The
    Gospel of Luke and Acts.
    "My own view is that the arguments supporting a later date are weaker than those supporting an earlier date. pg 138 "The Mission of the Kingdom"

    "The theory of a total anonymous author who has been lost to history seems to me to require more proof than the traditional authorship." ( Paul) pg 143
  25. Recognize the seven sections in the Book of Acts that convey a new geographic
    and/or cultural stage in the itinerary of the gospel (see italicized section names, pp. 286-290). Also recognize the four
    suggested purposes for Acts. (See the blue, boldfaced words at the beginning of each purpose, pp. 302-306, in An Introduction
    to the New Testament by Carson and Moo)
    • 1.Foundations for the church and its mission
    • 2.The church in Jerusalem
    • 3.Wider horizons for the church: Stephen, Sameria, and saul
    • 4.Peter and the first Gentile convert
    • 5. Paul turns to the Gentiles
    • 6. Further Penetration into the Gentile world
    • 7. On to Rome

    • Purposes for Acts
    • 1. Conciliation
    • 2. Evangelism/Apologetics
    • 3. Theological Polemics
    • 4. Edification
  26. 15. Recognize the six effects of healing/salvation in Luke-Acts. (Slide 127)
    • 1. preservation of life
    • 2. Safety from danger
    • 3. Physical healing
    • 4. Delieverance from demons
    • 5. forgiveness of sins
    • 6. Resurrection to life
  27. List (in 1 phrase each) four examples from Luke-Acts of the power of the Spirit, healing, and the phenomena of power and revelation. Include four examples from the ministry “to the ends of the earth” section in Acts (Slides 116-118)
    To the ends of the earth

    • 11:24 Barnabas: full of the Holy Spirit 11:28 Agabus: foretold through the Holy Spirit
    • 12:7-10 Prison: Angelic intervention 12:23 Angelic intervention: Herod’s death
    • 13:2 Antioch: the Holy Spirit said
    • 13:4 Sent on their way by the Holy Spirit
    • 13:9 Paul: filled with the Spirit … struck blind
    • 13:52 Disciples filled with joy and with the Spirit
    • (For more options see slides)
Card Set
Acts and Mission
Acts and Missions