Blood System terms

  1. antibody
    a protein provided by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances
  2. antigen
    harmful substance
  3. coagulation
    a complex process by which blood forms a clot
  4. erythrocyte
    red blood cell
  5. leukocyte
    white blood cell
  6. macrophage
    to eat, swallow
  7. monocyte
    mononucleus phagocytic leukocyte
  8. plasma
    the liquid part of the blood
  9. platelet
    A small colorless disk-shaped cell fragment without a nucleus, found in large numbers in blood and involved in clotting.
  10. serum
    a component of blood which is collected after coagulation
  11. stem cell
    cells from which all other cells with specilized functions are generated
  12. thrombocyte
    crucial for blood clotting
  13. hypochromic
    A descriptive term applied to a red blood cell with a decreased concentration of hemoglobin.
  14. cytology
    study of cells
  15. lymphocyte
    type of white blood cell
  16. erythrocytopenia
    deficiency of red blood cells
  17. granulocyte
    category of white blood cells characterized by the presence of granules in their cytoplasm
  18. hemolysis
    breakdown of red blood cells
  19. hematocrit
    is a blood test that measures the percentage of the volume of whole blood that is made up of red blood cells
  20. leukocytopenia
    deficiency of white blood cells
  21. morphology
    study of cell shapes
  22. myeloblast
    an immature cell found in the bone marrow
  23. neutropenia
    abnormally low count of neurophils
  24. polymorphonuclear
    having a nucleus that is divided
  25. phagocyte
    white blood cells that protect the body by ingesting harmful foreign invaders
  26. thrombocytopenia
    deficiency of thrombocytes
  27. erythroblast
    immature red blood cell
  28. macrocytosis
    enlarged red blood cells
  29. microcytosis
    unusually small red blood cells
  30. thrombolytic
    breakdown of clots
  31. myeloid
    suggests an origin in the bone marrow or spinal cord
  32. pancytopenia
    reduction of number of red and white blood cells, as well as platelets
  33. hematopoiesis
    the formation of blood cells in the living body
  34. erythropoiesis
    the formation of red blood cells
  35. myelopoiesis
    formation of bone marrow
  36. hemostasis
    a process which causes bleeding to stop
  37. anemia
    is a condition in which the body does not have enough healthy red blood cells
  38. aplastic anema
    abnormal formation of red blood cells
  39. hemolytic anema
    excessive destruction of red blood cells
  40. sickle cell anema
    red blood cell's shape isn't round- its a crescent moon shape
  41. hemophilia
    excessive bleeding
  42. leukemia
    increase in cancerous white blood cells
  43. multiple myeloma
    malignant neoplasm of bone marrow
  44. complete blood count (CBC)
    gives the count of all types of blood cells
  45. erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
    is the rate at which red blood cells sediment in a period of 1 hour
  46. hemoglobin (HGB)
    a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen
  47. red blood cell count (RBC)
    is a blood test that tells how many red blood cells (RBCs) you have.
  48. white blood cell count
    a blood test that tells how many white blood cells you have
  49. white blood cell differential
    what types of white blood cells you have
  50. erythropoietin
    a protein that promotes the formation of red blood cells in the bone marrow
Card Set
Blood System terms
Blood System terms