Women's History

  1. The Great Awakening
    A wave of religious revivalism that began in the colonies in the first half of the eighteenth century and peaked at mid-century, especially in the South. This evangelical fervor touched both blacks and whites, validating the religious experiences of ordinary people. The essential ingredient was conversion—an immediate and ecstatic religious experience. The movement challenged the Puritan emphasis on salvation and promoted a new egalitarianism that appealed across gender, class, and racial lines.
  2. Liberty's Daughters
    The female equivalent to the Sons of Liberty, these revolutionary organizations opposed British policies. For women, the most important efforts focused on nonconsumption—or a boycott of British goods
  3. Republican Motherhood
    Revolutionary era ideology that women played a vital role both in educating their children for their duties as citizens and in virtuously influencing their husbands to contribute to civic culture and order. Expanded Women's roles
  4. Judith Sargent Murray
    Wrote Observations of Female Abilities. Fought for women's rights
  5. Phillis Wheatley
    Poet and slave. Had a portrait done.
  6. Elizabeth Freeman
    Nicknamed Mum Bett. A slave who petitioned a Massachusetts county court for her freedom in 1781. Following her emancipation, Freeman spent the rest of her life as a paid domestic servant for her attorney’s family.
  7. Separate Spheres
    Women stayed home and took care of family, men earned money and handled business
  8. True Womanhood ideal
    A set of ideas that stressed the importance of Christian motherhood, sexual purity, moral uplift and religious enthusiasm. It was primarily a middle class ideology that treated men and women as opposites, who worked in separate social spheres: the female sphere of domesticity and the male sphere of public life.
  9. Godley's Ladies Book
    A popular ladies magazine that expressed the Ideology of True Womanhood
  10. Second Great Awakening
    Relgious Movement that gave women an areana for individual experession and social recognition that they were denied in secular politics.
  11. Lowell Mills
    The textile mill owners of Lowell, Massachusetts hired women to work in their factories. The mills ran supervised boarding houses for women only, in order to maintain a separate domestic sphere for their female workers,
  12. Catherine Beecher
    A writer and reformer who advocated the Ideology of True Womanhood. Her book, A Treatise on Domestic Economy (1841) championed childrearing and homemaking for women.
  13. Lucy Larcom
    Mill girl who later became a poet and writer that pushed for women's rights
  14. Mary Boykin Chesnut
    A South Carolina plantation mistress and U.S. Senator’s wife who wrote an extensive diary chronicling her life from 1823 until 1886. Her Diary of Mary Boykin Chestnut is the most important source of information about domestic relations in the slave south.
  15. Harriet Jacobs
    A slave woman who wrote about her life and escape from slavery in Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. Sexually abused by her master and envied by his wife
  16. Trail of Tears
    Trail taken to Mississippi by Cherokees when forced off of their lands
  17. Manifest Destiny
    Taking lands from the Natives
  18. Sarah Winnemucca
    A member of the Paiute tribe on the Nevada-California border. A champion for the rights of her people, she wrote the first autobiography of a Native American woman, Life Among the Piutes
  19. Californianas
    Mexican women in California
  20. Sojourner Truth
    Born Isabella Baumfree in 1797 as a slave in New York before slavery was abolished there. After her emancipation, she spent several years in a religious community in New York City. She re-christened herself Sojourner Truth, traveling first as an itinerant preacher and prophet, then as an abolitionist lecturer in the 1840s, she spoke and acted with forthright emotional intensity, making a tremendous impact on white audiences especially.
  21. Seneca Falls Convention
    The Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments—A manifesto issued at the Seneca Falls Convention in 1848 that echoes the Declaration of Independence in declaring that “all men and women are equal.”
  22. Harriet Beecher Stowe
    Author, Uncle Tom's Cabin
  23. Susan B. Anthony
    National Women Sufferage Association. Partnered with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, (newspaper) The Revolution. Women's rights advocate
  24. Elizabeth Cady Stanton
    Seneca Falls Convention. Women's rights movement. (NWSA)
  25. Susie King Taylor
    Slave refugee, military hospital, teacher and domestic servent. A Black Woman's Civil War Memoirs
  26. AWSA
    American Women Sufferage Association. Lucy Stone, her husband Henry Blackwell, Women's Journal
  27. NWSA
    National Women's Sufferage Association, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B Anthony, The Revolution
  28. Minor Vs. Happersett
    A U.S. Supreme Court case that struck down the New Departure argument, and one of the most important rulings in the history of women’s rights. Women are "persons" and should vote was struck down
  29. Ida B. Wells
    Exposed lenching, fought for women's rights, "race woman"
  30. Comstock Act
    Outlawed the use of the US mails for distributing information on controlling reproduction
  31. Women's Christian Temperence Union (WCTU)
    Largest women's organization of the women's era. Francis Willard. Dealt with issues of drinking behavior. Tried to abolish alcohol.
  32. Charlotte Perkins Gilman
    Clubwoman and author, first great speaker for the New Woman.
Card Set
Women's History
Wommen's history