U.S. History

  1. Imperialism?
    Idea that caused countries to desire to form an empire.
  2. What is the purpose of sending the Maine?
    Because americans were expecting Mckinley to do something.
  3. The Primary cause of the Spanish American war?
    Bad luck and Yellow press.
  4. According to Edmund Morris, what are the traits thatmade TR him?
    Agression, righteousness, pride, and militarism.
  5. Progressivism?
    Idea advocating change and refomation.
  6. TR's accomplishments according to Mr. Cook?
    Laid foundation for Federal Government.
  7. What were the Progressives hoping to achieve?
    Sought to fix the problem of big businesses with big Government.
  8. Progressivism is defined by conflict between what 2 American traditions?
    The complete ability to acheive and the ability to do it.
  9. What were the causes of WWI?
    Militarism, alliances, imperialism, and nationalism.
  10. Why was US important to the Allied victory in the WWI?
    US provided with morale, military weight and raw materials.
  11. How important was the US to Allied victory according to Mr. Cook?
  12. Wilson's purpose in fighting WWI?
    To make the world safe for democracy.
  13. What was the essence of Wilson's 14 points?
    Self determination.
  14. Why did the Great Depression last so long?
    Poor Government policies, crappy leadership, balanced budget, refusal to lend money.
  15. According to Mr. Cook, Hoover should be remembered as?
    More than the president that failed to deal with the depression. He was the Quintessential American!
  16. According to Mr. Cook, FDR by his New Deal...
    Saved our system, not ruin it!
  17. New Deal's philosophy?
    There is no philosophy! Just action.
  18. What was the cornerstone of the New Deal?
    FDR himself.
  19. New Deal's 3 Rs?
    Relief, recovery, and reform.
  20. Conclusion of the New Deal?
    Return to slow recovery.
  21. According to TR, 'the object of government' is?
    The welfare of the people.
  22. What two ideas greatly influenced the Progressive movement?
    Darwinism and Christianity.
  23. Many Progressives believed that the cure for the problems in democracy could be solved best by...
    Making America even more democratic.
  24. The 'robber barron' who suffered most at the literary hand of Ida Tarbell when she demonized his character in McClure's magazine was named?
    John D. Rockefeller
  25. The leader of the Progressive wing of the Democratic Party in 1900 was?
    William Jennings Bryan.
  26. The Supreme Court Case Plessey v Ferguson was important because it set what policy in regards to black access to public facilities?
    'Separate but equal'.
  27. What was the name of the book by Upton Sinclair which portrayed the filthy conditions of Chicago's meat packing industry?
    The Jungle.
  28. What was Roosevelt Corollary?
    A restating of the Monroe Doctrine.
  29. TR won the Nobel Peace Prize for?
    Brokering peace between Japan and Russia.
  30. Woodrow Wilson won the presidency when...
    The Republican vote was split between TR and Taft.
  31. The most famous educator of the Progressive era?
    John Dewey.
  32. Who revolutionized industry with the assembly line?
  33. Harding ran for president hoping for...
    'A return to normalcy'.
  34. Isolationism?
    U.S. not interfering in world politics.
  35. In the 1920s, agriculture suffered because?
    Falling markets in Europe and more efficient farming technology.
  36. The Washington Naval Conference sought to...
    Limit the growth of naval power.
  37. US government actively intervened throughout the decade in?
    International finanace and reparations.
  38. The Harding administration is most rememberd for?
    Its scandals.
  39. Who became a hero because of: he was seen as modest, handsome daredevil; he made a solo flight across the Atlantic; he embodied American traditional values in the new industrialized society; his success incorporated elements of technology and individualism?
    Charles Lindberg.
  40. The Sigmund Freud is most significant because...
    He developed psychoanalysis.
  41. Ideas that greatly influenced the 1920s?
    Darwinism, Marxism, Theory of Relativity and fundamentalism.
  42. Leading Democrat that defended fundamentalism in the Scopes trial was...
    William Jennings Bryan.
  43. Word that best describes the youth in the 1920s?
  44. State hit worst by the drought in the 1930s?
  45. Factors that contributed to the Great Depression?
    Heavy debts of Americans, the growth of pessimism, and unpaid European debts to the US.
  46. Americans blamed who for the Great Depression?
  47. One of Hoover's most harmful actions?
    Hawley-Smoot tariff.
  48. A major difference between Hoover and FDR?
    Hoover's support of balanced budget.
  49. FDR's first action to end the banking crisis?
    Bank Holiday.
  50. The political right opposed FDR because of?
    His failure to balance the budget.
  51. What swept the nation at the end of Hoover's administration, threatening economic crisis?
    The Banking Crisis.
  52. The informal talks FDR broadcasted over the radio to inspire public confidence?
    Fireside chats.
  53. The first transcontinental railroad was built by...
    Immigrants from China and Ireland.
  54. The significance of Promontory Point, Utah?
    Junction of Transcontinental Railroad.
  55. Open-range cattle industry came to an end because...
    Fencing on farms, overgrazing that ruined the land, and expansion of the railroads
  56. What was the main crop of the Great Plains?
  57. Key Culture of Plains Indians?
  58. Official gal during Indian wars?
    Intended to move Indians to reservations.
  59. Foreign policy during last half of 1800s?
    Defending western hemisphere against European intervention, extending US territory, and creating new trade opportunity
  60. Who were rough riders?
    Volunteer unit during Spanish-American War.
  61. Custer defeated by Indians. Victory was described as an...
  62. As the results of Spanish American war, Americans
    Cuba, Philippines, and Puerto Rico.
  63. Invention that enabled farmers to fence their land?
    Barbed Wire.
  64. Sensationalized news reporter?
    Yellow Journal.
  65. What sparked the Great War?
    Murder or Archduke Ferdinand.
  66. Who said: "Idealism is going to save world', "Teach South American republics to elect good men", and "World must be made safe for democracy"
    Woodrow Wilson.
  67. Important factor of Americas entrance into WWI:
    Submarine warfare in Atlantic.
  68. Wilson ran with what slogan?
    He Kept Us Out of War.
  69. Wilson's 14 points included...
    League of Nations.
  70. Main provision of Espionage and Sedition Acts:
    Ban on criticism of war effort.
  71. Popular term for American soldiers:
    Dough boys.
  72. An American General fighting in Europe was named?
    John J. Pershing.
  73. Senator that disagreed with the League of Nations and opposed Wilson was?
    Henry Cabot Lodge.
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U.S. History