12.5 female reproductive organs and related terms

  1. anestrus
    a normal interval of ovarian quiescence and sexual inactivity in species such as the dog that do not cycle continuously. Anestrus is abnormal in polyestrous species such as the cow
  2. cervix
    neck of uterus
  3. clitoris
    small mound of erectile tissue similar to the male penis
  4. corpus, corpora
    body (plural)
  5. corpus albicans
    the white scar tissue resulting from the regression of a corpus luteum
  6. corpus luteum
    yellow body formed by graafian follicle that has discharged its ovum (luteum means yellow)
  7. diestrus
    a short period of sexual quiescence between two estrus periods during which the uterus is prepared for a fertilized ovum
  8. ectopic pregnancy
    fertilized ovum implanted outside uterus, most commonly in uterine tupe (ectopic means out of normal position)
  9. endocervix
    mucous membrane lining cervical canal or opening of cervix into uterus
  10. endometrium
    mucous membrane lining uterus
  11. estrous cycle
    the recurring set of physiological and behavioral changes that take place from one period of estrus to another
  12. estrus
    the periodic state of sexual excitement that immediately precedes ovulation, during which the female is most receptive to mating (also called heat period or being in heat)
  13. fimbria
    fringe-like process at ends of uterine tubes over ovaries
  14. graafian follicles
    mature ovarian follicles
  15. hymen
    fold of mucous membrane partially blocking vaginal orifice
  16. infundibulum
    funnel at end of uterine tube (oviduct) that catches ovum
  17. mammary glands
    milk-producing organs of mammals
  18. metestrus
    the period of sexual inactivity that follows estrus, during which the corpus luteum forms
  19. myometrium
    middle, muscular coat of uterus
  20. os
    mouth; internal os is opening from cervix into cervical canal; external os is opening from cervical canal into vagina
  21. ovum, ova
    femal reproductive cell (plural)
  22. ovary
    female gland that produces ova or eggs
  23. proestrus
    the period immediately before estrus, characterized by development of the endometrium and ovarian follicles
  24. uterine tubes
    pair of tubes extending from the uterus to the ovary on each side, which pick up and convey expelled ova to the uterus (also called fallopian tubes or oviducts)
  25. uterus
    thick-walled, hollow organ in pelvic cavity of female that houses and nourishes embryo and fetus
  26. amnion
    membrane containing fetus floating in amniotic fluid
  27. chorin
    outermost layer of placenta
  28. cyesis
    pregnancy (cyema means embryo)
  29. decidua
    mucosa of uterus thrown off after birth
  30. ectoderm
    outer of three germ layers of embryo
  31. embryo
    early developing stage of organism
  32. endoderm
    innermost of three germ layers of the embryo
  33. fetus
    developing offspring
  34. gravid
  35. lactiferous ducts
    ducts that carry the milk secretions of udder to and through teats
  36. mesoderm
    middle of three germ layers of embryo, lying between ectoderm and endoderm
  37. neonate
  38. omphalus
  39. parturition
    process of giving birth
  40. placenta
    vascular fetal organ within uterus that connects fetus to mother by way of umbilical cord for exchange of nutrients, oxygen, antibodies, and waste products
  41. presentation
    presenting part of fetus at birth
  42. pseudocyesis
    false pregnancy
  43. umbilical cord
    communication channel between placenta and fetus
  44. umbilicus
    scar that marks site of connection of umbilical cord in the fetus (also called omphalus or navel)
  45. zygote
    fertilized ovum
Card Set
12.5 female reproductive organs and related terms
12.5 the genitourinary system, female reproductive organs, prenancy and related anatomic terms