intro to a&p test 5
The opening of the nose
The air-filled cavity behind the nose
The scientific name for the “windpipe”
One of the two branches formed by division of the trachea
The second branch formed by division of the trachea
The area below the nasal cavities that is common to both the digestive and respiratory systems.
A small air-conducting tube containing a smooth muscle layer but little or no cartilage
The blood vessels associated with the respiratory structure involved in external gas exchange
The substance that carries most of the oxygen in the blood
The substance that carries most of the carbon dioxide in the blood
The destruction of the alveoli of the lungs often related to heavy smoking
A type of COPD in which the airways are continually inflamed
A type of COPD in which the alveoli of the lungs coalesce
An allergic reaction that affects the bronchial tubes
The inner layer of the digestive tract
The middle layer of the digestive tract
The outer layer of the digestive tract
Folds in the stomach that are absent if the stomach is full
The proximal region of the stomach (closest to the heart)
The middle region of the stomach
The “dome-shaped” structure of the stomach
The distal region of the stomach
The valve between the distal end of the stomach and the small intestine
The first portion of the small intestine
The second portion of the small intestine
The third portion of the small intestine
The “pouch” at the proximal large intestine
The worm shaped appendage attached to the cecum
Which parts of the large intestine are not parts of the colon?
The portion of the colon between the cecum and liver
The portion of the colon between the liver and spleen
The portion of the colon between the spleen and sigmoid colon
The last portion of the colon
The splitting of food molecules by the addition of water
A waste product produced from the destruction of red blood cells
Which organ (besides the liver) hemolyzes red blood cells?
What chemical has built up in the blood if the skin appears yellow?
What do we call the condition where the skin appears yellow?
Which organ of the body removes bilirubin from the blood?
_____ is produced by the break down of bilirubin.
Bile is stored in the _____ until we eat a fatty meal.
Bile helps emulsify _____ in our diet.
A pancreatic enzyme that splits proteins into amino acids
Inflammation of the stomach and intestine
A microscopic functional unit of the kidney
An enzyme produced by the kidney
The process by which substances leave the glomerulus and enter the glomerular capsule
The hormone that increases the permeability of the DCT and collecting duct to water (increasing water reabsorption)
ANTIDIHURETIC HORMONE ADH
An indication of the amount of dissolved substances in the urine
The presence of an abundant blood protein in the urine
The general condition caused by accumulation of nitrogenous waste products in the blood
Select the correct order of urine flow from its source to the outside of the body
The enzyme renin raises blood pressure by activating:
The scientific name for the throat
The glottis is covered by the _____ during swallowing
The left primary bronchus is formed by the division of the _____.
The layer of the digestive tract wall that produces mucus is the
The breakdown of food into small particles that can pass through intestinal cells
The blood vessels that drain the kidney
Process by which substances leave convoluted tubule and return to the blood
The presence of this material in the urine results in pyuria
The scientific name for the voice box
The leaf-shaped structure that helps to prevent the entrance of food into the trachea
The only respiratory structures containing specialized capillary beds for external respiration
The process by which oxygen moves from the blood into tissue
A lower than normal concentration of oxygen in the tissues
Heavy smoking is often related to the destruction of the _____ of the lungs causing emphysema.
Carbon dioxide will diffuse out of the blood (into the air) during
The transfer of nutrients into the bloodstream
The breakdown (chemical and mechanical) of food into small particles that can pass through intestine
What kind of muscle is found in the muscularis layer of the digestive tract?
The section of the small intestine that receives gastric juices and food from the stomach
A blind-ended lymphatic vessel that absorbs fat
The chemical that speeds the splitting of food molecules
The tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside
The word part _____ means kidney
A tube connecting the kidney to the bladder
The blood vessels (ball of capillaries) connecting the afferent and efferent arteriole
The hormone produced in the kidney that stimulates erythrocyte synthesis by the red bone marrow
The presence of blood in the urine
Elimination of very large amounts of urine
Inflammation of the urinary bladder
Urine does NOT usually contain
The trachea is held open by c-shaped rings of
Each lobe of the lung is supplied air by a ____ bronchus.
The structure found where the primary bronchi bifurcate from the trachea is the
The layer of the digestive tract wall that is responsible for peristalsis
The process of chewing
The process of swallowing
The blood vessels that that feed the kidneys
The presence of this material in the urine results in cylindruria.
_____ (whose name means between white blood cells) are produced by Helper T-cells and stimulate B-Cells (Beta Cells).
After being stimulated by interleukins _____ turn into plasma cells
Antigens are presented to Helper T-Cells by _____.
Foreign proteins or pathogens are called _____ when they enter the body.
High levels of _____ stimulate Suppressor T-Cell which stops further antibody production.
This stoppage of further antibody production (see last question) is an example of _____ feedback.
The leukocytes that actually produce the antibodies against the pathogens are called _____.
What kind of leukocyte remains in the body after the infection is gone?
What kind of leukocyte ingests antigens?
The gamete of the male
The gamete of the female
The gonad of the male
The gonad of the female
Fringelike extensions that sweep the ovum into the tube
The name of the tube that carries the ovum to the uterus (not uterine tube)
Where fertilization usually occurs
Scientific term for the process that attaches the embryo to the uterus
Scientific name for the egg
The fertilized “egg” is called a
Does the umbilical cord belong to the mother, baby, or both?
What attaches the umbilical cord to the mother?
The cheese-like material that protects the skin of the fetus
Term for a person who has a recessive gene but does not exhibit the trait
Is the ovum released directly into the mother’s abdominal cavity?
Name one difference between the egg of a chicken and the ovum of a woman.
The name of an unborn child that becomes a fetus.
The real name for a miscarriage.
Term for a gene that is always seen (manifested) in the offspring
What do you call a gene that must be received from both parents before it is seen (manifested) in the offspring?
Term describing any trait (defect) present at birth
What are the two possible causes of defects present at birth?
Kind of cell division that forms somatic cells
Kind of cell division that forms gametes
Primary male hormone
Primary female hormone
Do females have testosterone?
Do males have estrogen?
Name the two kinds of erectile tissues.
Name of the fluid filled cavity present during the 1st ½ of the menstrual month
The solid gland present during the second ½ of the menstrual month
Term for decreased number of spermatozoa
Term for menstrual flow
Term for excessive flow
Term for difficult menses
Term for slight flow
Name for the duration of pregnancy, about 40 weeks
What 5 structures are only present prior to birth?
What organs of the fetus are not functional prior to birth?
The “female” chromosome
The male chromosome
Name for any change in the genetic code
Is this change in the genetic code usually a good or bad thing?
Are most deleterious (bad) genes dominant or recessive?
Which parent’s gametes determine the gender of the child?
Protein synthesis occurs in the _____ of the cell.
The building blocks of proteins are_____.
_____ are chemicals that speed up a chemical reaction without being used up in the reaction.
_____ are catalysts made out of proteins.
Enzymes are synthesized in the _____ of the cell.
intro to a&p test 5