ISDS Careers and Certification

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  1. Computer literacy
    Ability to understand how to use a computer effectively
  2. Web interviews
    • Conducted via Web cams and the Internet
    • Benefits include:
    • Savings in time and money
    • Ability to tape the interview for other screeners
    • Accommodates different time zones or accessibility
  3. IT professionals
    Individual working with all forms of IT and functions
  4. Previous declines in the IT field blamed on:
    Outsourcing and Labor dumping
  5. Outsourcing
    where one company contracts with another company to have services performed that could have been done by employees
  6. Labor dumping
    flooding the labor market with foreign workers
  7. IT Jobs
    • Predicted to show the most growth
    • Software engineering
    • Network systems analysis
    • Data communication

    • Other IT jobs for the future
    • Computer support
    • System administration
    • System analysis
    • Database administration
    • Security support
  8. Information Systems (IS) Department
    Functional area within a company or university responsible for managing information technology and systems
  9. Offshoring
    Transfer of labor from workers in one country to workers in another

    Job categories affected—call centers and computer programming

    Some U.S. companies question cost saving because of communication and cultural inconsistencies
  10. Computer science (CS)
    • Study of storage, change, and transfer of information
    • Programs focus on programming languages and mathematics
    • Requires theoretical and analytical skills
  11. Management information systems (MIS)
    • Focuses on practical applications of information systems and technology
    • Important knowledge areas
    • •Finance
    • •Marketing
    • Requires good communication and interpersonal skills
  12. System engineering
    • Uses interdisciplinary approach
    • •People
    • •Organization
    • •Technologies
    • Requires strong project management skills
  13. Software engineering
    • Involves upgrading, managing, and modifying computer programs
    • Requires strong:
    • •Interpersonal skills
    • •Programming skills
    • •Business skills
    • •System analysis skills
  14. Electrical engineering (EE)
    Focuses on cutting-edge communication and digital circuit design

    • oKey areas of interest—hardware design
    • •Robotics
    • •Solid-state,mobile, and embedded technology
    • •Integrated circuits
    • •Computer chips
  15. IT careers constantly change because
    • oChanges in technology
    • oChanges in business
  16. IT Employers want employees with
    • Business skills—hard and soft
    • Technical knowledge
  17. Soft business skills are
    • People related
    • •Communication
    • •Analytical/research
    • •Teamwork
    • •Project management
    • •Business acumen
  18. Personal values and attributes
    • Honesty/integrity/morality
    • Dedicated/hard working/tenacious
    • Dependable/reliable/professional
    • Self-confident/self-motivated
  19. Hard business skills
    • Process related
    • Networking
    • Web development
  20. Technical skills
    • Networking
    • Microsoft products
    • Linux
    • TCP/IP
    • Oracle
    • AJAX
    • Enterprise Resource Planning systems (ERP systems)
  21. Telemedicine
    Combines computers and medical expertise to simulate a long-distance house call
  22. Telehealth
    Expansion of telemedicine that extends services to the preventive side of medicine
  23. Certification
    • Skills and knowledge assessment process
    • Organized by computer industry vendors and professional associations

    • Benefits
    • •Provides benchmark to assess skills
    • •May lead to higher salary offers
    • •Helps match applicant’s skill set with employer job requirements
  24. Certification risks for employees
    Narrow scope of information may be emphasized

    Much time and work dedicated to vendor-specific technology that may change or may be less valuable in the future
  25. Certification risks for employers
    • Employee may have narrow training
    • Knowledge in only one area
Card Set
ISDS Careers and Certification
Second chapter for midterm in ISDS study guide
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