Skills Lab Meds 1-5

  1. Amoxicillin
    Generic Name: Amoxicillin

    Trade Name: Amoxil

    Pt Name: Antibiotic
  2. Amoxicillin Therapeutic Effects
    Bactericidal action against susceptible bacteria
  3. Amoxicillin Adverse and Common Side Effects

    * Adverse in CAPS
    *Common in italics

    • diarrhea
    • nausea
    • vomiting
  4. Amoxicillin PT / Family Education
    * Notify if diarrhea, abdominal cramping, fever or blody stools

    * Advise PT to report signs of superinfection ( furry overgrowth on the tongue, vaginal itching or discharge, loose or foul-smelling stools).

    *Instruct female pts taking oral contraceptives (use judgement here!!!) to use an alternate or additional nonhormonal method of contraception during therapy with amoxicillin.
  5. Cardizem
    Generic Name: Diltiazem

    Trade Name: Cardizem.

    Pt Name: Heart / Blood Pressure Pill
  6. Cardizem Therapeutic Effects
    *Systemic vasodilation resulting in decreased blood pressure

    * Coronary vasodilation resulting in decreased frequency and severity of attacks of angina

    *Reduction of ventricular rate in atrial fibrilation or flutter.
  7. Cardizem Adverse and Common Side Effects
    • * CHF

    • *Peripheral edema
    • *Hypotension
    • * Dry mouth
  8. Cardizem PT/ Family Education
    • * May cause drowsiness or dizziness
    • * Notify healthcare professional if irregular heartbeats, dyspnea, swelling of hands and feet, pronounced dizziness, nausea, severe headaches.
    • * Caution pt to change positions slowly to prevent orthostatic hypotension
  9. Coumadin
    Generic Name: Warfarin (sodiums)

    Trade Name: Coumadin

    Pt name: Blood pressure pill / stroke pill
  10. Coumadin Therapeutic Effects
    Prevention of thromboembolic events (blood clots, emoblism)
  11. Coumadin Adverse and Common Side Effects
    • * BLEEDING
    • * Cramps
    • *Nausea
    • *Fever
  12. Coumadin PT / Family Education
    • * Advise pt to report any symptoms of unusual bleeding or bruising.
    • * Advise pt to avoid cranberry juice during therapy ( Vitamin K is antidote for warfarin)
    • * Instruct pt to use soft toothbrush, not to floss, and to shave with electric razor during warfarin therapy.
  13. Lanoxin
    Generic Name: Digoxin

    Trade Name: Lanoxin

    Pt Name: Heart pill
  14. Lanoxin Therapeutic Effects
    Increased cardiac ouput and slowing of the heart rate
  15. Lanoxin Adverse and Common Side Effects
    • *Fatigue
    • *Nausea
    • *Anorexia
  16. Lanoxin PT / Family Education
    * Advise pt to inform healthcare professional if cold or flu-like symptoms appear (could indicate digitalis toxicity)
  17. Glucophage
    Generic Name: Metformin

    Trade Name: Glucophage

    Pt Name: Sugar pill
  18. Glucophage Therapeutic Effects
    Maintenance of blood glucose
  19. Glucophage Adverse and Common Side Effects
    • * Abdominal bloating
    • *Vomiting
    • *Diarrhea
    • *Unpleasant metallic taste
  20. Glucophage PT / Family Teaching
    * Advise pt to report any signs of lactic acidosis (chills, diarrhea, dizziness, hypotension, muscle pain, sleepiness, slow heartbeat or pulse, dyspnea, or weakness)

    * Inform pt that unpleasant metallic taste resolved spontaneously.

    * Explain that metmorfin helps control hyperglycemia, but does not cure diabetes.
Card Set
Skills Lab Meds 1-5