HIST 1025 Exam 1

  1. anti saloon league
    when: 1893

    what: womens protest against alc

    where: ohio

    sig: lead to 18th ammendment (prohibition
  2. 18th ammendment
    when: 1919

    what: established prohibition

    • sig: only ammendment ever repealed... (done by 21st)
    • crime and corruption increased
  3. "Battle Bob" Lafollette
    when: 1924 -- ran for president

    where: Wisconsin

    what: govenor of Wisconsin, who opponent against railroads, trusts, and corporations


    Opposed RR tax

    • Impose income tax on the wealthiest
    • people

    • Public utilities commission… the
    • state sets the rates on utilities

    Established workers comp
  4. social gospel
    when: early 20th century

    what: a protestant christian movement for improvement in living and work conditions

    sig: fought against long labor hours for steel workers, children, and mothers
  5. Teddy Roosevelt
    what: 26th president... was a trust buster but he was pro business... he was ok with mergers and trusts, but not bad mergers and trusts

    • sig:
    • Ways he monitored the monopolies and trusts

    • --Minors
    • strike and square deal
    • ---Northern Securities case
    • --Prevented JP Morgan from creating a massive
    • railroad trust
    • --Broke upTobacco Trust
    • --Reinvented
    • the ICC… appointed ppl and made companies show their monetary statements and
    • show how they made their money
    • --Hepburn
    • Act

    when: in office 1901-1909
  6. square deal
    • what: Teddy Roosevelt's plan in creating COMPROMISE with the minors strike vs George Baer
    • -- workers receive a 10% pay raise... not 20%
    • -- Work day cut to 9 hrs... not 8

    when: 1902

    sig: ended energy crisis... = the coal minors strike
  7. Woodrow Wilson
    who: 28th president and leader of progressive movement

    when- in office 1913-1921

    • sig: created major acts:
    • - Fed reserve act
    • - anti trust act
    • - fed trade commission act
    • - graduated income tax
  8. New Freedom Policy
    who: Woodrow Wilson's domestic policy

    when: 1913

    what: 3 reforms, Tarriff, business, and banking

    Sig: the following acts created under this campaign

    • - Underwood Tarriff act -- lowered tarriffs
    • - Fed Trade Act -- halt unfair and illegal business practices
    • - Fed Reserve system created
  9. United Mine Workers Strike... when? where? what? sig?
    • what: mine workers striked b/c they wanted
    • -- shorter work hours (8 instead of 10)
    • -- pay raise of 20% (only received 10)

    when: 1902

    where: colorado

    sig: it was solved by the square deal
  10. Hepburn Act
    when: 1906

    what: gave the Interstate Commerce Commission the power to set max railroad rates

    sig: one of teddy's acts of regulation
  11. Gifford Pinchot
    who: advocate for forests and gov of Penn

    when: gov of Penn from1923-1927

    sig: motivated people to be conservationists...
  12. John Muir and the Sierra Club
    who: Scottish-born American naturalist and author

    what: created the Sierra Club (a conservation group)

    sig: saved the Yosemite Valley, Sequoia National Park and other wilderness areas
  13. William Howard Taft
    who: 27th president

    when: 1909-1913

    • what: Taft's domestic agenda emphasized
    • -trust-busting
    • - civil service reform
    • - improving of the postal service

    sig: 16th ammendment and carried out dollar dimplomacy after teddy created it

    16th ammendment = allowing income tax

    dollar diplomacy = to further its aims in Latin America and East Asia through use of its economic power by guaranteeing loans made to foreign countries
  14. New Nationalism
    what: Teddy Roosevelt's Progressive political philosophy during the 1912 election

    when: 1912

    • sig: created a few things
    • - inheritance tax
    • - women vote
    • - direct election
    • - worker protection
  15. 1912 election... who? winner? sig?
    who: 4 way race

    • Taft = republican
    • Teddy = bull moose party... created this b/c did not receive republican nomination
    • Debs = socialist party, railroad strike
    • Wilson = democrat

    • Winner = Wilson
    • 2nd = Teddy

    sig: Wilson = the only democratic president from 1892 and 1932
  16. 16th Ammendment... what? who? sig?
    what: created income tax

    who: Woodrow Wilson under

    sig: the gov’t didn’t rely on tarriffs for revenue to the treasury anymore… it relied on income tax
  17. Federal Trade Commission... what? when?
    what: oversees the economy to ensure fairness

    when: 1914

    sig: it prevented monopolies... the companies would receive a warning. if they did not comply, the companies would be taken court
  18. clayton anti-trust act... what? when? diff btw sherman act?
    what: made monopolies illegal


    diff btw sherman act: the clayton exempted workers and unions... the sherman did not make these exempt

    sig: Wilson said workers and unions are exmpt from this act
  19. Spanish-American (Cuban-Filipino)
    War.... when? what/motives? sig?
    when: 1898

    • what / causes / motivations
    • - mysterious sinking of the Maine
    • - brutality by the Spanish on the Cubans
    • - US investment in sugar in Cuba
    • -protection of railroads
    • -uniting of a country

    sig: this was an attempt to unite the US... he said "wars unite all of the political parties"
  20. Big Stick Diplomacy... when? what? sig?
    when: 1904

    what: "speak softly, but carry a big stick"... meaning speak softly-- be diplomatic.... but if you do not do what we want the US will use its army

    sig: this created the Platt Ammendment. This says the US has the right to intervene in Cuba if:

    • - another power attempted to take Cuba over
    • - Cuba was having economic problems

    OTHER SIG = platt ammendment allowed US to take over cuba given the circumstances... however under TELLER AMMENDMENT US could not take over Cuba at all
  21. Dollar Diplomacy

    what: Taft's diplomacy for Asia and Latin Americ... guaranteed loans made to foreign countries

    sig- used to benefit the bankers and businessmen in US
  22. Manifest destiny... what? sig?
    what: 19th century American belief that the United States was destined to expand

    sig: this idea led to taking over Indian lands and taking the philipinnes
  23. white man's burden... when? what? sig?
    when: 1899

    what: a poem by the English poet Rudyard Kipling

    sig: reflects American colonisation of the Philippines
  24. Queen Liliuokalani and Hawaii... when? what?
    what: only queen of Hawaii

    when: 1893... the US took over Hawaii

    sig: she was queen when US took over
  25. Monroe Doctrine
    when: 1823

    what: if Euro countries attempted take over countries in the Americas, the US would interfere

    sig: issued when many Latin American countries were becoming independent from the Spanish Empire... prevented countries from taking over Latin America
  26. Alfred Thayer Mahan... who? sig?
    who: historian who said countries with greater naval power will have greater worldwide impact

    sig: countries began to start building their navies
  27. Open door policy... when? what? sig?
    when: 1899

    what: policy allows all nations to trade in the Chinese market

    sig: protected US business men who had investmets in China... if other countries had taking over trading ports, investors would be hurt
  28. Yellow Journalism... when? what? sig?
    when: 1890's

    what: propaganda printed in newspapers

    sig: used to fuel the Spanish American war
  29. USS Maine... when? what? sig?
    when: 1898

    what: a boat that mysteriously sank on its way to Cuba

    sig: fueled Spanish American War... Mckinlly blamed Spanish for sinking the Maine
  30. Teller Amendment... when? what? sig?
    when: 1868

    what: amendment saying that US could not take over Cuba

    sig: Platt amendment changed this policy in 1901... platt amendment said US could take over Cuba if other countries attempted to take it or if Cuba was having economic problems
  31. Philippine War... when? what? sig?
    when: 1899-1902

    what: war btw US and people in Philippines over control

  32. Platt Amendment... when? what? sig?
    when: 1901

    • what: said that US could not go into Cuba unless:
    • - another country attempted to take over Cuba
    • - Cuba was having economic difficulty

    sig: this altered the teller amendment
  33. Roosevelt Correlary to Monroe Doctrine... when? what? sig?
    when: 1904

    what: US declared they would not intervene in Latin America as long as nations conducted their affairs with “decency.”


    • - made the US the policeman of the Western Hemisphere
    • - made European powers keep out
  34. Panama Canal... when? what? sig?
    when: 1902-1914... starting from struggle to open date

    what: a canal that linked carribean to pacific... offered columbian gov't $10 mil... they turned down


    • - could double the U.S. navy's power
    • - in order to get canal built, Roosevelt had to recognize Columbia as having a gov't
  35. Black Jack Pershing... when? what? sig?
    when: 1917... WWI

    what: command the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) during WWI

    sig: through his victory, he gave progressives confidence
  36. William Jennings Bryan... when? who? significant trial? significance?
    when: 1925

    who: the prosecuter in the scopes trial and democratic nominee in 1908 election

    sig trial: scopes trial... southern states passed legislation against the teaching of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution in the public schools

    • sig: Bryan lost the scopes trial. the scopes trial revealed the disdain btwn northerners and southerners...
    • - educated vs uneducated
    • -privledged vs the poor
  37. George Creel... when? who? significance?
    when: 1917

    who: a muckraking journalist, who would create support for WWI by printing propaganda and organizing events where people would talk about their battle success stories

    sig: created patriotism and rallied people at home around the troops
  38. Henry Cabot Lodge... when? who? sig?

    who: Republican Senator from Mass who had disagreed with Woodrow Wilson over the signing of the Treaty of Versille and joining the League of Nations

    sig: because of his resistance to sign the treaty of versilles, the United States never became a member of the league of nations.

    • --If the US had joined, they may have been able to prevent WWII
    • -- The league of nations was weakened by the Us not joining
  39. Emma Goldman... when? who? sig?
    when: 1919... during the red scare (fear of russian spies)

    who: a russian radical protestor of womens rights, labor strikes, and birth control

    sig: she wadeported during the red scare
  40. Zimmerman Telegram... when? what? sig?

    what: British authorities informed Wilson of a secret telegram sent between German ministers promising that in the event of war between Germany and the United States, Germany would see that Mexico regained its “lost provinces” of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona if Mexico would declare war against the United States

    Sig: Woodrow Wilson war declared against germany...
  41. 18th Ammendment... when? what? sig?
    when: 1920... end of progressive era

    what: one of the last reforms of the progressive era... it banned the sale or consumption of alc

    • sig:
    • -- Prohibition caused ordinary citizens to disrespect the law, corrupted the police, and demoralized the judiciary (opposite of what it was trying to fix)

    -- the only ammendment that was repealed
  42. National American Woman Suffrage (NAWSA)... when? what? sig?
    when: 1869

    what: a group demanding the vote for women

    sig: eventhough women were not granted the right to vote until 1920, this group signaled a new era in women's fight for the vote and involvment in politics
  43. 19th Ammendment... when? what? sig?
    when: 1920

    what: allowed women to vote

    sig: this ended the women's suffrage movement
  44. Sedition Act... when? what? sig?
    when: 1918

    what: it was an act that forbit the use of "disloyal, profane, abusive language" about the United States government

    • sig:
    • -- it was used to create patriotism
    • -- a continuation of the espionage act
  45. Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points
    when: 1918

    • what: Wilsons plan for world peace
    • -an end to secret treaties;
    • - freedom of the seas;
    • - removal of barriers to free trade r
    • - allowing the lands conqured by germany the right to govern themselves

    sig: established the League of Nations (even though America never joined due to Lodge)

    league of nations = a groups of nations that permitted countries from unruley actions against other nations
  46. Schenck v. United States... when? what? sig?

    what: Supreme Court decision that said Schneck was violating the Espionage act by bashing the draft during WWI

    sig: limited the freedom of speech guaranteed by the constitution
  47. Depression of 1893... what? sig?
    what: panic was marked by the collapse of railroad system and a failing gold standard which lead to the foreclosure of a large amount of banks

    • sig:
    • -- lead to massive layoffs and bank foreclosures
    • -- lead to a series of strikes including the minors strike and the pullman strike
  48. Coxey's Army
    when: 1894

    what: protestors that marched to washington to urge Congress to enact a public works program to end unemployment

    sig: although unsuccessful, they demonstrated how ordinary citizens could influence politics in the 1890s outside of the normal voting process
  49. Cross of Gold Speech... when? what? sig?

    what: William Jenning Bryan's speech that advocated bimetallism

    bimetallism = deriving the value of dollar based on the supply of gold and the supply of silver
  50. William Mckinley... when? who? sig?

    when: 1896 election

    who: 25th president... supported the gold standard and high tariffs

    sig: led the nation to victory in 100 days in the Spanish American War.

    •The mckinely tarriff = the highest tarriff in US history
  51. Election of 1896... who? important issues? who wanted what issues? sig?
    who: William McKinley (republican) defeat Democrat William Jennings Bryan (democrat)

    • important issues:
    • -- bimetallism
    • -- the gold standard
    • -- free silver
    • -- tariffs
    • -- were of primary importance

    • who:
    • -- Mckinnley wanted gold standard and high tarriffs
    • -- Bryan an enemy of gold, banks and railroads... wanted silver

    • sig:
    • -- up until this election, the whitehouse was dominated by republican, however this was the first election of the democratic era
    • -- this led to the begin of the progressive era
  52. Ida Tarbell... when? what? sig?
    when: 1902

    what: wrote a book that chronicled the methods Rockefeller had used to take over the oil industry

    sig: shaped the public's harsh view of Rockefeller
  53. Upton Sinclair's "The Jungle"... when? what was it about? sig?
    when: early 20th century

    what: novel to portrays the life of the immigrant and the corruption of the American meatpacking industry

    sig: enlightened people about the corruption in the meatpacking industry... wage slavery and poor work conditions
  54. Jane Addams... when? who? sig?
    when: progressive era

    who: she argue that women are the ones who could clean up society and that in order to clean up society women must have the right to vote

    sig: big contributor in getting womens vote
  55. John Dewey's Educational Pragmatism... when? what? sig?
    when: progressive era

    • what: Believed learning facts was pragmatic skills… how to do something,
    • not just memorize something. In this class we learn how to analyze things like praiser vs critics...also said that he could shape people into anything just by
    • altering the encvironment

    • sig: This would lead to schools like
    • business schools…
  56. John B. Watson... when? who? sig?
    when: early 21st century

    who: psychologist who established the psychological school of behaviorism, after doing research on animal behavior

    sig: new way of physcology
  57. Alice Paul... when? who? sig?
    when: 1916

    who: women quaker protestor who founded the militant National Woman's Party (NWP)

    sig: this led to womens right to vote
  58. Margaret Sanger... when? who? sig?
    when: 1915

    who: a nurse who had worked among the poor on New York's Lower East Side

    sig: first advocator of birth control
  59. Mann act... when? what? sig
    when: 1910

    what: act that made it illegal to transport women across state lines for “immoral purposes.”

    sig: decreased the amunt of red light districts in the US
  60. Tom Johnson... when? who? sig?

    who: Mayor of Cleveland... Johnson fought for fair taxation and allowed citizens to have a say in legislative and judicial matters

    sig: had attempted to build his own streetcar line so working class could afford to get to work
  61. Conservation vs preservation... when? difference between? s
    when: early 1900's... progressive era

    what: both were fighting for preservation of nature

    diff: conservation sought to regulate human use while preservation sought to eliminate human impact altogether
  62. Phillipine War... when? what? sig?
    when: 1902

    what: war between of Filipino revolutionaries and the United States which arose from the struggle to gain independence following annexation by the United States

    sig: ?? that the Phillipines did not win their independence
  63. William Jennings Bryan... when? who? sig?
    when: ran for office in 1896, 1900, 1904

    • who: Democract
    • -- anti gold
    • -- anti banks and railroads
    • -- pro silver movement
    • -- anti darwinism
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HIST 1025 Exam 1
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