memory psych

  1. Memory
    the process by which information is encoded, stored and retrieved
  2. Explicit memory
    the conscious, intentional recollection of previous experiences and information ex remember phone number, address etc Effortful
  3. Implicit memory;
    memory in there due to doing over and over again-flip a switch when walking into room
  4. Three stages Explicit memory;
    encoding, storage& retrieval
  5. Encoding;
    how we take information in so that it can be recalled later using explicit memory
  6. Storage;
    with explicit memory- how we store information so we can recall it later
  7. Retrieval;
    how we retrieve information we have stored previously
  8. Three types of explicit memory;
    short term, sensory and long term
  9. Sensory explicit memory;
    brief lasts less than 1 second
  10. George Sperling did an experiment—what and why?; presented with array of letter, asked them to identify all, subject
    reports 3 or 4, then tone used to tell subject which row to recite, typically they could recall almost all items in row regardless of row-tells us You’re encoding more info than u realize but it leaves the memory store faster than it can be retrieved
  11. Short term explicit memory
    lasts approx 18 seconds-holding small amount of information in an active readily available state
  12. How big in short term memory
  13. STM test
    have to report back digist/ letters forward
  14. Working memory
    acive maintenance of / manipulation of info in short term storage ex give letters/ digits have to put digits in ascending then letters in alphabetical order
  15. What experiment was used to demonstrate concept of interference?
    student give phone number but had to count back from 100 by 7 before repeateing phone number-couldn’t
  16. what is way to increase amount remembered?
  17. Long term
    capapacity for holding info for long period of time
  18. Long term memory encoding factors
    structural phoenetic and semantic-semantic best
  19. LTM retrieval factors;
    recall and recognition-easier to recognize
  20. Transfer appropriate processing;
    memory performance depends on the process at encoding matching the process at retrieval- better match=better remember, rhyming lead to better memory on rhyming test aka how teach self
  21. Encoding specificity principle
    the more similar context at retrieval is to context at encoding, the better memory will be-study on land=test better in land vs water aka environment used
  22. Episodic;
    collection of past personal
  23. Sematic
    network of associated facts and concepts
Card Set
memory psych
pscy e 2 memory