CogPsy Ch 5 Vocabulary

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  1. Alzheimer's disease
    a disease of older adults that causes dementia as well as progressive memory loss
  2. amnesia
    severe loss of explicit memory
  3. anterograde amnesia
    the inability to remember events that occur after a traumatic event
  4. central executive
    both coordinates attentional activities and governs responses
  5. episodic buffer
    a limited-capacity system that is capable of binding information from the subsidiary systems and from long-term memory into a unitary episodic representation
  6. episodic memory
    stores personally experienced events or episodes
  7. explicit memory
    when participants engage in conscious recollection
  8. hypermnesia
    a process of producing retrieval of memories that seem to have been forgotten
  9. hypothetical constructs
    concepts that are not themselves directly measurable or observable but that serve as mental models for understanding how a psychological phenomenon works
  10. iconic store
    a discrete visual sensory register that holds information for very short periods
  11. implicit memory
    when we recollect something but are not consciously aware that we are trying to do so
  12. infantile amnesia
    the inability to recall events that happened when we were very young
  13. levels-of-processing framework
    postulates that memory does not comprise three or even any specific number of separate stores but rather varies along a continuous dimension in terms of depth of encoding
  14. long-term store
    very large capacity, capable of storing information for very long periods, perhaps even indefinitely
  15. memory
    the means by which we retain and draw on our past experiences to use this information in the present
  16. mnemonist
    someone who demonstrates extraordinarily keen memory ability, usually based on the use of special techniques for memory enhancement
  17. phonological loop
    briefly holds inner speech for verbal comprehension and for acoustic rehearsal
  18. prime
    a node that activates a connected node; this activation is known as the priming effect
  19. priming effect
    the resulting activation of the node
  20. recall
    to produce a fact, a word, or other item from memory
  21. recognition
    to select or otherwise identify an item as being one that you learned previously
  22. retrograde amnesia
    occurs when individuals lose their purposeful memory for events prior to whatever trauma induces memory loss
  23. semantic memory
    stores general world knowledge
  24. sensory store
    capable of storing relatively limited amounts of information for very brief periods
  25. short-term store
    capable of storing information for somewhat longer periods but also of elatively limited capacity
  26. visuospatial sketchpad
    briefly holds some visual images
  27. working memory
    holds only the most recently activated portion of long-term memory, and it moves these activated elements into and out of brief, temporary memory storage
Card Set
CogPsy Ch 5 Vocabulary
Memory: Models and Research Methods
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