Syntax Files D1 2nd Test

  1. case
    • system of marking that provides information about an NP's function within the sentence
    • usually by indicating its grammatical relation and/or thematic role
    • usually expressed by inflection, which can be in the form of affixation or suppletion
  2. grammatical (syntactic) case
    carries information about NP's grammatical relation
  3. semantic case
    encodes information about thematic roles
  4. nominative
  5. accusative
    direct object
  6. scrambling
    • case provides way to distinguish between subjects and D.O.
    • no need to rely on word order
    • 'case languages' permit considerable freedom in the ordering of verb's arguments
  7. differential object marking
    • omit D.O. case marker when it has particular semantic properties
    • 1) higher on animacy => more likely to be case marked
    • human > animate > inanimate
    • 2) higher on definite scale => more likely to be case marked
    • personal pronoun > proper name > definite NP > indefinite specifc NP > non-specifc NP
    • (definite: referent is familiar to speaker and addressee)
    • (specific: speaker has particular referent in mind)
Card Set
Syntax Files D1 2nd Test
Syntax Files D1 2nd Test