Hist17A Midterm2

  1. In the years after the Glorious Revolution, political power in England
    increasingly shifted toward

    A. the

    B. Parliament.

    C. the

    D. the
    Anglican Church.

    E. the
    colonial governors.
    B. Parliament.
  2. By the 1750s, American colonial assemblies
    • excersized a great
    • deal of authority to raise taxes..
  3. The
    proposed Albany Plan of 1754
    revealedthe difficulties colonies had in cooperating with each other.
  4. During
    the eighteenth century, in North America, the French differed from the English
    in Indian relations, in that the French

    A. offered
    the Indians more and better trading goods.

    B. largely
    isolated themselves from Indian tribes.

    C. were
    more tolerant of Indian cultures.

    D. made
    little effort to convert Indians to Christianity.

    E. forced
    Indians to adjust to European ways.
    C. weremore tolerant of Indian cultures.
  5. During
    the eighteenth century, in North America, the most powerful native group was

    Americans, Iroquis?
  6. What
    future American revolutionary figure surrendered to French forces in 1754 at
    Fort Necessity in the Ohio Valley?

    A. George

    B. Patrick

    C. James

    D. Benedict

    E. John
    A. GeorgeWashington
  7. The
    French and Indian War was fought in
    Allof the Above
  8. The
    beginning of the end of the American phase of the French and Indian War was
    marked by the French defeat atQuebec
  9. Throughout
    the French and Indian War, American colonists

    A. fought
    on the side of the French.

    B. accepted
    temporary new taxes to help finance the war.

    *C. sold
    and traded food and other goods with the French.

    D. resented
    that they had to do more of the fighting than did the British regulars.

    E. saw
    British requisition and impressment policies as necessary.
    *C. soldand traded food and other goods with the French.
  10. In
    the 1760s, the Grenville ministry increased its authority in the colonies by
    Passing legislation
  11. The
    Sugar Act of 1764 was designed to
    • It was designed to raise revenue through the
    • colonial customs service, and the principle complaint about the law was that it
    • involved taxation without representation
  12. The
    Stamp Act of 1765
    designed to force colonists to use special stamped paper inthe printing of newspapers
  13. The
    “Virginia Resolves” stated that

    A. Virginians
    should not be required to pay taxes.

    B. the
    English government had no authority over the economic activities of Virginians.

    C. anyone
    who supported the right of Parliament to tax was an enemy of the colony.

    D. independence
    from England was the only solution to the tax crisis.

    E. Virginia
    must do its part to reimburse England for the cost of colonial defense.
    C. anyonewho supported the right of Parliament to tax was an enemy of the colony.
  14. The
    Townshend Duties of 1767
    taxes on whatwere called external transactions.
  15. The
    Boston Massacre

    A. was
    transformed by some colonists into a symbol of British oppression.

    B. resulted
    in the death of several British soldiers.

    C. led
    to Paul Revere’s midnight ride of warning.

    D. included
    a trial in which British soldiers were convicted of murder.

    E. turned
    Paul Revere into a martyr for the cause of colonial independence.
    A. wastransformed by some colonists into a symbol of British oppression.
  16. In
    the eighteenth century, the English constitution was

    A. an
    unwritten document.

    B. difficult
    to change.

    C. unpopular
    in both England and America.

    D. believed
    to be holding back colonial expansion.

    E. All
    these answers are correct.
    A. anunwritten document.
  17. Taverns
    were important in the growth of revolutionary sentiment because
    they becomecentral meeting places to discuss ideas about resistance.
  18. The
    Tea Act of 1773

    A. followed
    a few years of relative calm between England and the American colonies.

    B. lowered
    the price of tea for American colonists.

    C. was
    intended to benefit a private British company.

    D. provided
    no new tax on tea.

    E. All
    these answers are correct.
    E. Allthese answers are correct.
  19. In
    1774, the First Continental Congress
    calledfor the repeal of all oppressive legislation passed since 1763.
  20. The
    events of Lexington and Concord
    • occurred
    • before there was a formal American declaration of independence
  21. In
    1775, as conflicts with England intensified, American colonists

    A. made
    extensive efforts to prepare themselves for war.

    B. were deeply
    divided about what they were fighting for.

    C. believed
    England was not willing to engage in military operations against them.

    D. saw
    their larger population as a key advantage over England.

    E. considered
    arming slaves to help build up the colonial army.
    B.were deeplydivided about what they were fighting for.
  22. The
    author of Common Sense

    A. sought
    to concentrate colonial anger on unpopular parliamentary measures.

    B. was
    an American who had never been to England.

    C. sold
    very few copies of his pamphlet until after the war was won.

    D. was
    arrested by British officials and charged with treason.

    E. considered
    the English constitution to be the greatest problem facing the colonists.
    E. consideredthe English constitution to be the greatest problem facing the colonists.
  23. Financing
    the Revolution was difficult for the American side because
    foreign nations refused to loan money forits war effort.
  24. At
    the start of the Revolution, American advantages over the British included a
    greater commitment to the war
  25. Among
    the following, who was NOT a British general during the American Revolution?
  26. After
    the Battle of Saratoga, British Prime Minister Lord North responded to the
    colonies with
  27. Which
    of the following was the scene of a substantial British victory in the final
    phase (1778-81) of the American Revolution?

    A. Cowpens

    B. Charleston

    C. Yorktown

    D. Guilford
    Court House
    B. Charleston
  28. The
    battle at Yorktown involved
    decisive victory by a combined assault of American forces led by General GeorgeWashington and French forces led by the Comte de Rochambeau over a British Armycommanded by Lieutenant General Lord Cornwallis
  29. The
    principal Americans who negotiated the peace terms with the British were
    Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay.
  30. During
    the American Revolution, enslaved African Americans in the colonies

    A. joined
    the British army in large numbers to fight against their American masters.

    B. were assisted
    by the British to escape as a way to disrupt the American war effort.

    C. were
    offered their freedom by Americans if they fought against the British.

    D. tried
    to help Loyalists escape to Canada in exchange for their freedom.

    E. were
    not significantly affected by the conflict.
    B. were assistedby the British to escape as a way to disrupt the American war effort.
  31. Following
    the American Revolution, the first state to make slavery illegal was
  32. During
    the American Revolution, female “camp followers”
    Duringthe Revolutionary War, women tended to laundering and mending clothing, cookingmeals and nursing the wounded. On the march, they were expected to keep up,often carrying pots and pans, personal belongings and children as theystruggled to keep pace
  33. The
    prominent eighteenth-century essayist Judith Sargent Murray placed her greatest
    emphasis on the right of women to
    an education
  34. For
    most Revolutionary American political thinkers, the concept of equality meant

    A. there
    should be equality of opportunity.

    B. there
    should be equality of rights regardless of race, sex, or property.

    C. there
    should be equality of condition.

    D. there
    should be equality of opportunity and of condition.

    E. there
    should be equality of rights and of condition.
  35. In
    1780, Massachusetts sought to revise the power of the governor by

    A. allowing
    the legislature to set his salary.

    B. having
    him elected directly by the people.

    C. taking
    away his authority to veto legislation.

    D. permitting
    him to sit in the legislature.

    E. granting
    him the power to tax.
  36. The
    Northwest Ordinance of 1787

    a single territory out of the lands north of Ohio.
    -guaranteed freedom of religion throughout the
    affected areas.
    -prohibited slavery within the affected areas.
    -abandoned the system created in the 1784

    -All these answers are correct.
    all of the above
  37. The
    1795 Treaty of Greenville
    ledthe United States to recognize the sovereignty of Indian nations.
  38. Which event, more than any other, convinced George Washington that
    the Articles of Confederation needed to be revised?
    Shay’s Rebellion
  39. The Virginia Plan called for
    a two-tier nationallegislature.
  40. The New Jersey Plan
  41. The Constitutional Convention of 1787 came close to

    A. abolishing

    B. granting
    citizenship to slaves.

    C. granting
    suffrage for free black males.

    D. abolishing
    slavery and granting citizenship to slaves.

    E. None of these answers is correct.
  42. The achievement of the “Great Compromise” of the Constitutional
    Convention of 1787 was its resolution of the problem regarding

    A. women
    and voting.

    B. the
    definition of citizenship.

    C. political representation.

    D. states
    versus federal authority.

    E. expansion
    of slavery into the territories.
  43. At the Philadelphia convention, James Madison argued that the
    ultimate authority of the federal government came from the
  44. Under the “checks and balances” system of the Constitution of
    1787, federal judges
  45. Who among the following was one of the authors of The
    Federalist Papers?
    • These are the 3 Authors
    • Alexander Hamilton
    • James Madison
    • John Jay.
  46. The “Antifederalists”

    A. saw
    themselves as defenders of the principles of the American Revolution.

    B. feared
    that the new government would widely abuse its powers.

    C. feared
    that the government too much favored common people over the “well-born.”

    D. saw themselves as defenders of the
    principles of the American Revolution and feared that the new government would
    widely abuse its powers.

    E. saw
    themselves as defenders of the principles of the American Revolution and feared
    that the government too much favored common people over the “well-born.”
  47. Virginia and New York ratified the Constitution of 1787 under the
    assumption that
    a bill ofrights would be added later in the form of amendments.
  48. In the 1790s, those who were labeled Republicans envisioned
    developing a nation that would
    belargely agricultural and rural.
  49. Under Alexander Hamilton’s plan, a new national bank would

    A. obtain
    most of its capital from private investors.

    B. facilitate
    the collection of taxes.

    C. provide
    loans to private businesses.

    D. act
    as a storehouse for federal deposits.

    E. All
    these answers are correct.
  50. The two preeminent Republicans of the 1790s were

    A. Alexander
    Hamilton and James Monroe.

    B. John
    Adams and James Madison.

    C. John
    Adams and Thomas Jefferson.

    D. Thomas Jefferson and James Madison.

    E. Thomas
    Jefferson and Aaron Burr.
  51. In reference to Indians living in the United States, the
    required thefederal government to respect treaties negotiated under the Confederation.
  52. the Alien and Sedition Acts
    tightened restrictions on foreign-born Americans and limited speech critical of the Government.
  53. In
    the early nineteenth century, school education was largely the responsibility
  54. The
    writer Judith Sargent Murray argued that women
    an education.
  55. Thomas
    Jefferson believed American Indians were primitive people
  56. The
    expansion of the medical profession during the early nineteenth century
    resulted in a
    Declineof midwives
  57. Religious
    skepticism resulted in
  58. The
    message of the Second Great Awakening
    Convertor go to hell
  59. Eli
    Whitney is a major figure in American technology for introducing

    A. the concept
    of interchangeable parts.

    B. the
    first modern factory.

    C. the
    steam engine.

    D. the
    mechanized assembly line.

    E. the
    steel plow.
  60. The
    early nineteenth century in America is known as the “turnpike era” because

    A. most
    towns and villages became connected by a network of inexpensive roads.

    B. Americans
    stopped transporting goods by canal in favor of roads.

    C. the
    federal government provided free land to road construction companies.

    D. concrete
    was first developed as a long-life road surface.

    E. many roads
    were built for profit by private companies.
  61. As
    president, Thomas Jefferson

    A. sought to
    convey the public image of a plain, ordinary citizen.

    B. believed
    in a passive presidency.

    C. gave
    the White House its name.

    D. tended
    to keep talented Federalists in office despite objections from Republicans.

    E. only
    served one term.
  62. Napoleon
    decided to sell the entire Louisiana Territory to the United States because
    Napoleondecided that possessing Louisiana wasn't worth the money or the trouble,especially since he was gearing up for a war with England.
  63. The
    desire by American southerners to acquire Florida
    Soslaves can’t run away
  64. In
    the War of 1812, Britain turned its full military attention to America after

    A. Napoleon’s
    defeat at Waterloo.

    B. Napoleon’s
    incarceration at Elba.

    C. Napoleon’s
    catastrophic campaign against Russia.

    D. the
    American invasion of Canada.

    E. the
    American raid and burning of York.
  65. In
    1814, the British

    A. took
    control of the Ohio Valley.

    B. repulsed
    the United States from Florida.

    C. seized
    Washington and set fire to the presidential mansion.

    D. established
    naval supremacy on the Atlantic Ocean.

    E. forced
    the surrender of Fort McHenry in Baltimore.
  66. In
    the War of 1812, the Battle of New Orleans
    Afterthe peace treaty was signed
  67. The Rush-Bagot agreement of 1817 called for
    Demilitarizing the great lakes
Card Set
Hist17A Midterm2
US History