CHFD 4610 Midterm

  1. Household Changes from 1990 to 2000
    • Less married couples
    • More 2+ people non-family living together
  2. Marriage Rate
  3. Cohabitation Rate
    • Increasing
    • Majority of marriages preceded by cohabitation
  4. Postponement of Marriage
    • Increasing
    • More males postpone than females
  5. Single People Living Alone
    • Increasing
    • Now make up more than 25% of US households
  6. Average Household Size in US
  7. Multiple-Generation Households
    • Increasing
    • More common among immigrants, unwed moms, & those in areas w/ housing shortages
    • 9% of all children live in a household w/ a grandparent (23% of those have no parent present)
  8. Average Number of Children per Female
    • 1917: A little more than 3
    • 1935: A little more than 2
    • 1957: Almost 4
    • 1995: 2

    (decreased, increased a lot, decreased a lot)
  9. Births to Unwed Mothers
    • Increasing
    • Many to unwed cohabitating mothers
  10. Divorce Rates
    • High, but stable
    • Increased greatly in late 70s, but decreased and are now stable
  11. Remarriages
    • Declining
    • 3/4 of divorced women remarry w/in 10 years
    • Remarriage rates of men are higher
  12. Aging Population
    More and more of the US population is over age 65
  13. Traditionalists
    • Emphasize importance of marriage in childrearing
    • Divorce, childrearing outside of marriage = detrimental to children
  14. Modernists
    • Individulas' rights to define & live family life as they want to are most important
    • Disagree that diverse/nontraditional family forms are harmful to kids & that much harm comes from lack of support
  15. Fed. Gov. Definition of Family
    Two or more persons (one of whom is a householder) that are related by birth, marriage, or adoption & reside together
  16. Andrew Billingsley's Definition of Family
    Two or more persons sharing a household that are related by blood, marriage, formal adoption, or by appropriation (created kin)
  17. Andrew Cherlin's Public Family
    • How well do family members take care of dependents?
    • One adult, or two adults who are related by marriage, partnership, or shared parenthood, who is/are taking care of dependents, and the dependents themselves
  18. Andrew Cherlin's Private Family
    • How well are families providing the emotional satisfaction people value?
    • Two or more individuals who maintain an intimate relationship that they expect will last indefinitely- or in the case of a parent & child, until the child reaches adulthood & who (usually) live in the same household & pool their incomes & household labor
  19. Jan Trost's Definition of Family
    • Family Realm v. Non-Family Realm
    • System of "dyadic units"
    • Completely individualized & subjective
  20. Why is it Important to Define Family?
    • Entitlement & benefits
    • Defining boundaries of obligation, allegiance, or emotional attachment
    • Reflects your understanding of family
Card Set
CHFD 4610 Midterm
Midterm flashcards for CHFD 4610, The Family