Although not its main function, the kidneys manufacture substances that reesult in changes in other parts of the body. As an example, the kidneys release renal erthropoietin which influences what?
the production of red blood cells
bean-shaped organs which lie against the muscles of the posterior abdominal wall, just above the waistline
Note: we can function with onkly one
root word meaning "kidney"
root word meaning "pelvis"
root word meaning "pertaining to the kidney"
basin or collection area within the pelvis
tube that transports urine from the kidney to the bladder; term literally means "to make water"
place where the ureter leaves the renal pelvis
space that holds urine; "chalice or cup"
outside part of the kidney
structura and functioning unit of the kidney (These structures are so small it is impossible to see them without a microscope)
basin in the kidney that collects urine from the calyx and drains it into the ureter
functioning unit of the kidney; tiny, very sophisticated manufacturing plants
Inside each nephron is a collecting tubule that carries urine to the kidney; collection of capillaries in the nepron that resembles a small ball of yarn
small tubes that make-up the system by which urine flows through the nephron
section of the tubes closest to the glomerulus
proximal convoluted tubule
loop that connects the proximal tubule with the distal tubule
loop of Henle
tube that collects and carries urine from the tubules to the calyx of the kidney
process in which the glomerulus acts as a filter to begin the process of removing the by-products of body metabolism from the blood
process in the system of tubules by which certain products are eliminated and certain products were reabsorbed (This is the area where the water content and concentration of by-products occurs)
tubular reabsorption and secretion
these attach to the base of the renal pelvis of each kidney. They take urine to the bladder
this has the triangular shape of a funnel which allows urine to drain into the connecting drain or ureter.
point where the ureters attach to the bladder
after the urine leaves the bladder, it flows into another tube called the
urine starts its formation in the kidneys as it progresses through the nephrons. What is the main function of the nephrons?
they have the ability to filter out and reabsorb the amount of water and other blood elements needed to meet an individual's body requirements
an organ resembling a bag, its function is to store urine. When it becomes full enough to stretch, we have the sensation to "void"
Important info. regarding the bladder
-without it we would constantly dribble
-it is protection to the kidneys from bacteria
-our bladders are controlled by the parasympathetic nervous system. The center of activity is the spinal cord.
sac or organ that is the recepticle for fluid-urine
root word meaning "bladder"
triangular internal surface of the posterior wall of the bladder
small opening or mouth of the urethra as it leaves the bladder
pertaining to the bladder
the tube or pipe that carries the urine to the outside of the body
2 functions the urethra serves in males
sends both urine and sperm to the outside of the body
system involving the reproductive and urinary organs
opening of the urethra to the outside of the body
The action of the urinary bladder is under the influence of voluntary or involuntary nervous systems?
both voluntary and involuntary> you can urinate voluntarily or the bladder forces urination involutarily
absence of urine
inflammation of the urinary bladder
involuntary pasing of urine
condition in which there is permanent disease of the kidney
ESRD-end stage renal disease
inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidneys
condition in which there is blood in the urine
condition in which the person is unable to "hod" his urine
presence of stones in the kidney
frequent urination during the night
involuntary urination that occurs at night (bed-wetting)
production of a scant or small amount of urine
inflammation of the kidney pelvis
condition in which a person has frequent and excessive episodes of thirst ( this is ususally accompanied by polyuria-urinating many times) sometimes called frequency
urinating many times
kidney stones which is also known as nephrolithiasis
stops filtering or forming urine
waste products normally found in the urine , are not filtered through the kidney and remain in the blood
removal of the bladder
measurement of the efficiency and capacity of the urinary bladder
passing of a viewing device into the bladder for visualization of the inside of the bladder
drug used to cause an increased flow of urine
procedure in which blood from an individual is shunted through a special device in which waste products are seperated out and removed from the blood (The cleande blood continues through the device and is sent back to the individual)
method of seperating out waste products by special procedures utilizing the peritoneal cavity and membrane (There is a constant flow of solution into and out of the peritoneal cavity
x-ray of the kidney pelvis following injection into a vein of a radiopaque substance (This test may be eliminated in the not too distant future becasue of advances in digital imaging technology)
act of taking a kidney from a donor and surgically implanting it into a recipient