psych ch4

  1. Dilation and effacement of the cervix
    takes place as uterine contractions gradually become more frequent and powerful, they cause the cervix to open and thin forming a clear channel from the uterus into the birth canal or vagina
  2. transition
    in which the frequency and strength of contractions are at their peak and the cervix opens completely
  3. Apagar scale
    • heart rate
    • respiratory effort
    • reflex irritability (coughing, grimacing)
    • muscle tone
    • Color
  4. natural or prepared childbirth
    a group of techniques aimed at reducing pain and medical intervention and making childbirth as rewarding a experience as possible
  5. Fetal monitors
    electronic instruments that track the baby's heart rate during labor
  6. induced labor
    labor that is started artificially, usually by breaking the amnion, or bag of waters, and giving mother synthetic oxytocin, a hormone that stimulates contractions
  7. cesarean delivery
    a surgical birth; the doctor makes an incision in the mothers abdomen and lifts the baby out of the uterus
  8. breech position
    baby is turned to that the buttocks or feet would be delivered first
  9. anoxia
    inadequate oxygen supply
  10. small for date infants
    are below their expected weight considering the length of pregnancy
  11. bonding
    feeling of affection and concern for the infant
  12. rooming in
    the infant stays in the mothers hospital room all or most of the time
  13. reflex
    inborn automatic response to a particular form of stimulation
  14. palmer grasp
    place fingers in infants palm and they will grasp the finger
  15. tonic neck
    turn baby's head to one side while the infant is awake and they will lie in a fencing position with one arm is extended in front of eyes and the other is flexed
  16. babinski
    stroke sole of the foot from head to toe and the toes fan out and curl as foot twists in
  17. states of arousal
    degrees of wakefulness
  18. rem sleep
    brain-wave activity is remarkably similar to that of the waking state. Eyes dart beneath the lids; heart rate blood pressure and breathing are uneven; and slight body movements occur
  19. NREM sleep
    the body is almost motionless and heart rate, breathing and brain wave activity are slow and even
  20. SIDS
    the unexpected death usually during the night of and infant younger than one year of age that remains unexplained after thorough investigation
  21. Neonatal behavioral assessment scale
    evaluates the baby's reflexes, muscle tone, state changes, responsiveness to physical and social stimuli, and other reactions
Card Set
psych ch4
birth and newborns