Chpt 30.txt

  1. Small intestine
    consists of duodenum, jejunum and ileum carries chime from stomach to large intestine
  2. Function of small intestine
    Further processes chime into a more liquid state; food substances are absorbed into the bloodstream from the villi on the walls of the small intestine
  3. Where do the small and large intestines meet
  4. Large intestine consists of
    Ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon and sigmoid colon
  5. Function of large intestine
    Water, sodium and chlorides are reabsorbed and waste is propelled to the anus; contains bacteria that break down waste products; water is extracted from the waste during transit
  6. Feces is stored
    in the sigmoid colon until it moves into the rectum
  7. Normal stool is
    light to dark brown, soft, formed; light to dark color is caused by bile; color can change by vitamins, drugs or diet
  8. Abnormal stool is
    blood in the stool (occult=hidden), stool with red blood on surface is probably associated with hemorrhoid ; bright red blood in stool is GI bleed in lg intestine; blood in small intestine is changed to tarry substance (melena)
  9. Pale white or light gray stool indicate
    absence of bile in intestine usually due to obstruction in bile duct to the intestine from GB or liver
  10. Mucus in stool indicates
    irritation of inflammation of the inner surface of the intestines
  11. Pus in stool indicates
    drainage of an ulcer that is inflamed or infected
  12. Common parasitic worms in intestines are
    Tapeworm, pinworm and roundworm
  13. What is steatorrhea
    Stool with abnormally high fat content that are foul smelling and float on water
  14. What is constipation
    Decreased frequency of bowel movement or hard, dry feces
  15. Who is at risk for constipation
    Any patient restricted to bed rest
  16. What is diarrhea
    Frequent loose stool occurring when increased peristalsis pushes food through the intestinal tract too fast; or the body�s way of trying to rid itself of pathogens
  17. After a barium enema
    Increased fluid intake, may receive laxative, chalk colored stools
  18. What initiates peristalsis
    Gastrocolic reflex
  19. Best recommendation for an elderly male patient with poor diet and chronic constipation
    FiberCon daily
  20. Fecal incontinence may be caused by
  21. If a patient has not passed a stool for two days,
    Ask about patient�s normal bowel pattern
  22. What information should be included in the nursing care plan for patient with constipation
    Consume 1-3 tablespoons of bran mixed with applesauce
  23. Interventions for a patient with diarrhea include
    Offering a clear liquid diet
  24. What medical conditions may require an ostomy
    Colon cancer, ulcerative colitis, congenital bowel malformation
Card Set
Chpt 30.txt
Test 3