1. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)
    • Incidence: 35% of Americans; 62% when include prayer and meditation
    • National Center of CAM serves to support scientific research in CAM and provide info to public about efficacy and safety
    • Many people turning to CAM due to holistic beliefs, decreased side effects, cost, decreased confidence in traditional medicine, etc.
  2. Alternative medical systems
    • Ayurvedic medicine - holistic preventative model
    • Traditional Chinese medicine - oneness with rhythms of universe (yin/yang, diet therapy, acupuncture, exercises, herbal therapy, musculoskeletal manipulation, pulse diagnosis); work together to restore pt's chi
    • Homeopathy - uses small doses of plant extracts or minerals to stimulate bodies defense mechanisms
    • Naturopathy - largely focuses on individual responsibility for health and utilizes various CAMs to support the health in the individual
  3. Mind-body interventions
    • Imagery
    • Aromatherapy
    • Therapeutic touch
    • Relaxation
    • Biofeedback
    • Yoga
    • Dance therapy, music therapy, art therapy
    • Prayer
    • Spiritual healing
  4. Biologically based therapies
    • Vitamin supplements: can be helpful, but excessive use can be harmful; Vitamin C - too much can cause incr risk of kidney stone; Vitamin E - too much can cause incr risk of hemorrhage; Vitamin A - too much can cause nausea, vomiting, headache, blurred vision and lack of muscle coordination
    • Herbs: St. John's Wort (helpful in mild to mod depression, anxiety, pain; incr risk of serotonin syndrome if used with SSRIs); kava kava (anxiety; potentiates benzos and CNS depression); ginko biloba (decr mild memory problems; potential incr bleeding time); black cohash (pain, menstrual prob, menopause symptoms)
    • Good nutrition: balanced diet is important to prevent development of comorbid medical conditions and to provide energy; assess for ability to follow dietary instructions
  5. Manipulative and body-based methods
    • Chiropractic (pain, asthma, sinus conditions)
    • Massage therapy (relaxation, pain, fibromyalgia)
  6. Energy therapies
    • Acupuncture (needles placed along lives of bodies energy lines): alcoholism (decr cravings); pain relief; anxiety; depression; insomnia
    • Acupressure (derivative of acupuncture)
    • Therapeutic touch and Reiki (move energy through body)
    • Jin Shin Jitsu
Card Set
Psych Exam 3 - CAM