Nervous System II

  1. analgesic
    agent that relieves pain
  2. anticoagulant
    drug that prevents clotting of the blood; commonly used to prevent heart attack and ischemic stroke
  3. anticonvulsant
    agent that prevents or lessens convulsion
  4. hypnotic
    agent that induces sleep
  5. sedative
    agent that has a calming effect
  6. affect
    emotional feeling or mood
  7. apathy
    lack of interest or display of emotion
  8. catatonia
    state of unresponsiveness to one's outside environment, usually including muscle rigidity, staring, and inability to communicate
  9. delusion
    persistent belief that has no basis in reality
  10. dysphoria
    restless, dissatisfied mood
  11. euphoria
    exaggerated, unfounded feeling of well-being
  12. hallucination
    false perception of the senses for which there is no reality, most commonly hearing or seeing things (alucinor = to wander in mind)
  13. ideation
    formation of thoughts or ideas [e.g., suicidal ideation (thoughts of suicide)]
  14. mania
    state of abnormal elation and increased activity
  15. psychosis
    mental condition characterized by distortion of reality, resulting in the inability to communicate or function within one's environment
  16. major depression
    disorder causing periodic disturbances in mood that affect concentration, sleep, activity, appetite, and social behavior; characterized by feelings of worthlessness, fatigue, and loss of interest
  17. bipolar disorder (BD)
    affective disorder characterized by mood swings of mania and depression (extreme up and down states)
  18. seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
    affective disorder marked by episodes of depression that most often occur during the fall and winter and remit in the spring
  19. generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
    most common anxiety disorder, characterized by chronic, excessive, and uncontrollable worry about everyday problems that affects the ability to relax or concentrate but does not usually interfere with social interactions or employment; physical symptoms include muscle tension, trembling, twitching, fatigue, headaches, nausea, and insomnia-symptoms must exist for at least 6 months before a diagnosis can be made
  20. phobia
    exaggerated fear of a specific object or circumstance that causes anxiety and panic; named for the object or circumstance, such as agoraphobia (marketplace), claustrophobia (confinement), or acrophobia (high places
  21. post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
    condition resulting from an extremely traumatic experience, injury, or illness that leaves the sufferer with persistent thoughts and memories of the ordeal; may occur after a war, violent personal assault, physical or sexual abuse, serious accident, natural disaster, etc.; symptoms include feelings of fear, detachment, exaggerated startle response, restlessness, nightmares, and avoidance of anything or anyone who triggers the painful recollections
  22. obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
    anxiety disorder featuring unwanted, senseless obsessions accompanied by repeated compulsions, which can interfere with all aspects of a person's daily life (e.g., the thought that a door is not locked, with repetitive checking to make sure that it is locked; thoughts that one's body has been contaminated, with repetitive washing)
  23. autism
    developmental disability commonly appearing during the first 3 years of life, resulting from a neurological disorder affecting brain function, evidenced by difficulties with verbal and nonverbal communication, and an inability to relate to anything beyond oneself (auto = self) in social interactions; individuals with autism often exhibit body movements such as rocking, repetitive hand movements, and commonly become preoccupied with observing parts of small objects or moving parts or performingmeaningless rituals
  24. dyslexia
    developmental disability characterized by a difficulty understanding written or spoken words, sentences, or paragraphs, affecting reading, spelling, and self-expression
  25. attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
    dysfunction characterized by consistent hyperactivity, distractibility, and lack of control over impulses, which interferes with the ability to function normally at school, home, or work; specific criteria must be met before a diagnosis is made
  26. mental retardation
    condition of subaverage intelligence characterized by an IQ of 70 or below, resulting in the inability to adapt to normal social activities
  27. anorexia nervosa
    severe disturbance in eating behavior caused by abnormal perceptions about one's body weight, evidenced by an overwhelming fear of becoming fat that results in a refusal to eat and body weight well below normal
  28. bulimia nervosa
    eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by efforts to limit digestion through induced vomiting, use of laxatives, or excessive exercise
  29. substance abuse disorders
    mental disorders resulting from abuse of substances such as drugs, alcohol, or other toxins causing personal and social dysfunction; identified by the abused substance, such as alcohol abuse, amphetamine abuse, opioid (narcotic) abuse, or polysubstance abuse
  30. schizophrenia
    diseaseof brain chemistry causing a distorted cognitive and emotional perception of one's environment characterized by a broad range of "positive" and "negative" symptoms. Positive symptoms include distortions of normal function (behaviors that are absent in normal people, e.g., disorganized thought, delusions, hallucinations, catatonic behavio). Negative symptoms (normal reactions missing in persons with schizophrenia) including flat affect, apathy, and withdrawal from reality
  31. psychotropic drugs
    medications used to treat mental illnesses (trop/o = a turning)
  32. anxiolytic agents
    drugs used to reduce anxiety
  33. antidepressant
    agent that counteracts depression
  34. neuroleptic agents
    drugs used to treat psychosis, especially schizophrenia
Card Set
Nervous System II
Nervous System II