History 311 Ch 21

  1. Who said,"Was every decent human being overthrown?"
    Journalist Frederic Lewis Allen commenting on youthful rebellion in the twenties
  2. What are flappers
    young women who wore short skirts, bobbed hair, and defied their mothers generation. It was a slang term. Independant girls who drank, smoked, danced to jazz, and fluanted their sexual liberation by wearing revealing clothes.
  3. How much did car registration jump from in 1920 to 1930?
    9.2 million to 26.5 million.
  4. How much did cars cost relative to a families income in the 20's?
    20 to 45% of a non farm family's annual income and 50 to 100% of a farm families income of yearly earnings.
  5. What did the car boom produce a need for?
    petroleum (wells in tx and ca), moving to suburbs, tunnels, bridges, (1927 the holland tunnel, the first under water tunnel between ny and nj) that cost 50 cents under the hudson river.
  6. What happened to Warren Harding?
    1920 senator from ohio, presidential canidate ran on a campaign for a return to normalcy. Defeated Hames Cox. Harding two yrs in office, died of a heart attack and Calvin Coolige took over.
  7. What was the tea pot scandal?
    Secretary of the interior Albert B Fall who went to jail for accepting bribes from two wealthy businessmen to lease government controlled oil reserves in Teapot Dome, Wyoming. Teapot gas stations went up in jest.
  8. What did one judge say about automobiles?
    The automobile has beccome a house of prostution on wheels.
  9. What stance did the Harding and Coolige administrations take on business?
    left industrialists to such labor troubles, adopting an openly pro-business stance. The Wall Street Journal said that never before her or anywhere lese has a government been so completely confused with business refering to: commerce department that stopped enforcing anti-trust laws, high protective tariff that made imported goods more expensive than american.
  10. What was the new profession of psychology social darwinian ideas?
    that race determined aptitude and the factory owner used this "scientific" informaiton to organize and run his business more efficiently.
  11. What is welfare capitalism
    to develop stable well trained workforce, industrialists introduced fringe benefits including paid vacations and sick pay, grievance outs, bonuses for exceeding, 25 yr pension. often the enthusism rarely matched the rhetoric.
  12. What did the radio do culturally for the US?
    60% of homes had radios. until 1924 they required headphones. Baseball, play by play, weather reports for farmers, financial news for bankers, product sponsered shows (walgreens and palmolive)
  13. Who were the silent movie stars of the 20's?
    charlie chaplin, rudolph valentino, mary pickford became household names. Sports: jack dempsy boxer, pilot charles A Limbergh
  14. What did Charles A Lindnergh do?
    he piloted his plane, the spirit of st. louis on the first ever nonstop solo trip from new york to paris on May 21, 1927 without radio or radar to navigate. It lasted 33.5 hrs. His son was kidnapped in 1933 and then he tarnished his reputation for expressing admiration for Nazi Germany and joining those who were against Americans joining the war. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, he changed his position and flew combat missions against japan. He took an anticommunist stand in the 1950's.
  15. What is the lost generation?
    Paris based American writer Gertrude Stein coined the term the lost generation to describe white intellectuals and artists like Fitzgerald (writter of flappers), who rebelled against Victorian values in the 20s and lived primarily overseas. Alcohol remained central to the Lost Generation. Drinking threatened the moral fabric of American Socieyt
  16. What were Sigmund Freud's theories?
    They were used to revolt against repressive codes of conduct. He believed that subconscienous sexual impulses drove human behavior and that repressed desires sometimes found expression in dreams.
  17. What is prohibition?
    one of the nations longest reform movements that took on during WWI. German brewers rendered American's wet. Evalgelical leaders Like Billy Sunday (former baseball player), urged people. December 18, 1917 approved the 18th ammendment which banned the sale, manufacture, and transport of liquors. CT and RI had denied it.
  18. What is the Volstead Act?
    a law that defined any beverage with more than 0.5 percent alcohol as intoxicating liquor and established criminal penalties for manuafacturing....
  19. How did the organized crime and gangster benefit from prohibition?
    they ran profitable bootlegging operations that financed beer breweries and liquor distilleries. Al Capone became powerful in Chicago with violence. He organized the 1929 St. Valentines murder and had syphillis that he contracted from his own brothels which made him increasingly violent. He went to prison in 1931 for tax avasion.
  20. What were speakeasies?
    They were a demonstration of Americans' widespread disrespect for prohibition. Federal agent Izzy Eisnstein would time it how long he could get a drink in major cities. he shut down over 4000 of them. Speakeasies posted a picture of Einstein that said watch for this man.
  21. What was the end of prohibition?
    Drys made claims that prosperity was due to a more dry productive worker. When the great depression hit, they had no claim. Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933 immediately asked congress to repeal prohinition. The ratified 21st ammentment repealed the 18th ammendment.
  22. What was the immigration act of 1924?
    Congress passed the 1921 Emergency Immigration act that limited 350.000 European immigrents to enter each year. 3 yrs later the immigration act of 1924 allowed unrestricted immigration from the western hemisphere, no asians, and curtailed how many immigrants emigrated from individual european nations. The law authorized 165,000 from europe and and reduced it to 150000 1929
  23. What was the First Red Scare (1919-1920)?
    The communist-inspired Russian Revolution, a critical wartime event that some Americans envisioned politically radical immigrants from Russia and Eastern Europe recreating in the US. To meet this threat the Justic Department arrested and deported alient anarchists and communists suspected of trying to destroy american democracy and capitolism
  24. What do communists believe?
    they wanted to create a worders government that controlled property
  25. What do anarchists believe?
    that capitalists exploitation of the working class created widespread social suffering. they viewed all governments as corrupt. THe most famous spokesperson was Emma Goldman, who emigrated from Russia as a young girl. She write: stands for the liberation of the human mind from the dominion of religion; the liberation of the human body from the hominion of property; liberation from the sjackles and restraint of government. So anarchists used violence for the cause. One assassinated President William McKinley in 1901. Goldman founded the magazine Mother Earth.
  26. What are the key principles of the 1924 immigration act that still exsist?
    the family reunification, which let members of their immediate families come, and the desirability of certain skills.
  27. What is fundamentalism?
    an eveagelical Christian theology that viewed the bible as an authentic recounting of historical events and the absolute moral word of god.
  28. What did Tennessee do in 1925?
    made it punishable by crime to teach any theory that denies the stroy of the Divine Creation as taught in the bible. The state made no effort to enforce the law and even adopted a biology book with extended discussion on Darwins ideas.
  29. What were the monkey trials?
    where fundamentalists met evolutionists. Imfamous Scopes trial that brought in famous attornies. Quotes: Dueling newspaper headlines during the Scopes Trial: "They call us bigots when we refust to throw away our bibles, bryan says. : We say, "keep your Bible," but keep it where it belongs in the world of your conscience.
  30. Was the Ku Klux Klan still active in the 20s?
    They killed nearly 5000 between 1880 and 1930. Professional photographers took pics and sold them. Weldon Johnson the head of the NAACP coined the term the red summer of 1919. 43 blacks dead. 1925 they marched on the capital 40000 without masks.
  31. What is the Universal Negro Improvement Association UNIA?
    Marcus Garvey took over for Booker T Washington after his death and founded it. It encouraged ecomomic self sufficiency by creating black owned businesses. Black start line (the worlds only black owned fleet of steamships) He was much more militant than Washington. He was imprisoned for mail fraud and then deported 4 yrs later.
  32. What was the Harlem resistance.
    It was the where black artists, writers and poets came out and spoke out against racism. Claude McKay, Countee Cullen, and event Louis Armstrong. Jazz became so popular that they called the 20s the Jazz Age.
  33. What is the league of Women Voters
    created on 1920, by the national american womens suffrage association, drew up a lost of issues that it expected to resonate among female voters: child labor, protective legislation for female workers, cleaning up city politics. (did not include the enforcement of the 19th ammendment for both black and white women)
  34. Who said "No woman can call herself free who does not own and control her own body"
    Birth control advocate Margaret Sanger. She believed too many children ruined womens health and put thmein the ranks of the poor. She opened her first birth control clinc in 1916 in Brooklyn NY. it stayed open for 9 days and then she was jailed for 30. Eugenisists had an interest in birth control too. Starilizing the unfit from the institutionalized mentally handicapped, criminals, and epileptics until the 1960
  35. What is disarmament?
    Republican President Warren Harding convened the Washington Conference 1921-22, to negortiate a set of agreements that would limit naval arms. He negotiated a multinational non aggression pact (coolige)
  36. What was the Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928?
    Treaty that renounced affressive war as an intrument of national policy
  37. What is the Dawes Plan?
    International agreement that loaned Germany $200 million in gold to pay a reduced reparation bill and gave germany more time to meets its debt
Card Set
History 311 Ch 21
History 311 Ch 21