Fluid & electrolytes (part 30-60)
The osmotic pressure exerted by colliods in solution.
______ is a mojor colloid in the
is a mojor colloid in the ______ system.
The amount and direction of fluid movement in capillaries
is determined by what 4 things?
1) Capillary hydrostatic pressure.
2) Plasma oncotic pressure
3) Interstitial hydrostatic pressure
4) Interstitial oncotic pressure
These things 4 things determine what?
shift results in _____.
Plasma to ______ ______ shift results in
Name 3 things that can cause
a plasma to interstitial fluid shift
1) Elevation of hydrostatic pressure
2) Decrease in plasma oncotic pressure
3) Elevation of interstitial oncotic pressure
These 3 things can cause what?
A fluid shift from the
occures whenever there is an increase in _____ ______ or ______ pressure.
A fluid shift from the ______ fluid to ______ _____occures whenever there is an increase in
Wearing what is a therapeutic action when there is a shift from the
compression stockings or hose
is a therapeutic action when there is a shift from the _____ fluid to _____ fluid.
Water ______ is associated with symptoms that result from cell shrinkage as water is pulled into the
deficit (increased ECF)
is associated with symptoms that result from cell shrinkage as water is pulled into the _____ system.
Water _______ developes from
excess (decreased ECF)
developes from ____ or _____ of water.
The normal distribution of fluid in the ICF and ECF.
An abnormal accumulation of interstitial fluid.
Fluid accumulation in part of the body where it is not easily exchanged with ECF.
What's the most powerful
is the most powerful ______.
regulation of water _________ in the hypothalamus sense fluid deficit or an increase in plasma osmolality.
In the __________ regulation of water
in the hypothalamus sense fluid deficit or an increase in plasma osmolality.
regulation of water the
stimulate ______ and _______ hormone release.
In hypothalamic regulation of water the ________ stimulate
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
regulation of water the release of ADH results in what 2 things happening?
1) An increase in free water
2) A decreased plasma osmolarity
Both of these are result of what type of mechanism of water regulation when ADH is released.
regulation of water balance is under the control of the ________.
The ________ regulation of water balance is under the control of the
Name 4 things other than the hypothalamus that can stimulate the posterior pituitary to release
These 4 things can cause the pituitary to release ______.
Name 2 hormones that the
releases to regulate both water and electrotlyes?
These are 2 hormones that the _____ _____ releases to regulate both water and electrotlyes?
The mineralcorticoid _________ has potent
has potent ______ retaining and _______ excreating capabilities.
The _____ are the primary organs for regulating
are the primary organs for regulating _____ and ______ balance.
can selectively reabsorb _____ and ______.
The _____ can selectively reabsorb
are the sites of action of _____ and ______ in renal regulation of water.
The _____ _____ are the sites of action of
in renal regulation of water.
In cardiac regualtion of water balance ______ ____ _____ is released by
in response to increased atrial pressure.
In cardiac regualtion of water balance
atrial natriuretic factor (ANF)
is released by _____ _____in response to increased atrial pressure.
In cardiac regualtion of water balance the release of
by the cardiac atria causes what to happen.
It supresses the secretion of aldosteron, renin and ADH. This results in vasodialation, and
increased urinary excretion of sodium and water. this in turn causes the BP to decrease.
What accounts for most of our water intake?
accounts for most of our water intake.
Small amounts of
are lost by the GI tract in ______.
Small amounts of ______ are lost by the GI tract in
insensible water loss
The invisible vaporization of water from the lungs and skin
is known as what?
Approximately _____ ml of water per day is lost through
ml of water per day is lost through ______ water loss.
Although water is lost through
water loss what is not lost.
are not lost through _______ water loss.
, not insensible water loss, leads to loss of water and ________.
______ ______, not insensible water loss, leads to loss of water and
Fluid & electrolytes (part 30-60)
Nursing II fluid and elecrtolyte cards