Childhood Disorders

  1. How do you differentiate a child's behavior between a mental or emotional problem?
    If mental the behavior is not age appropriate, deviates from cultural norms, and creates a defecit or impairment in adaptive functioning
  2. Diagnostic Criteria for Mental Retardation
    • IQ of 70 or below
    • Defecits or impairments in adaptive functioning in at least 2 areas: communication, self-care, home living, social/interpersonal skills, use of community resources, self-direction, functional academic skills, work, leisure, health, and safety
    • Onset before 18 yrs of age
  3. Hereditary factors in Mental Retardation
    • Inborn errors of metabolism:
    • Tay-Sachs disease
    • Phenylketonuria
    • Hyperglycemia

  4. Capabilities of child with Mild Retardation
    Capable of independent living w/ assistance in times of stress
  5. Capabilities of Child with Moderate Retardation
    Requires supervision, can perform some activities independently
  6. Capabilities of Child with Severe Retardation
    Requires complete supervision, may be trained in elementary hygeine skills
  7. Capabilities of Child with Profound Retardation
    Requires constant aid and supervision, no capacity for independent functioning
  8. Autistic Disorder
    Withdrawel of the child into self and into a fantasy world of his or her own creation
  9. When does Autistic disorder normally present itself?
    Before the age of 3
  10. Neurological Implications of Autistic Disorder
    • Abnormalities in brain structure and in serotonin
    • Increased glucose metabolism
  11. Significant impairment from ADHD usually seen before age ____
  12. Diagnosing ADHD
    Symptoms must be present for 6 months or more and not related to other mental illness and have a sustained pattern
  13. Conduct Disorder
    Repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated
  14. Childhood onset type Conduct disorder
    • Symptoms seen prior to age 10
    • More likely to be physically aggressive and have disturbed peer relationships
    • More likely to develop ani-social personalitiy disorder as adults
  15. Adolescent onset type Conduct disorder
    • No symptoms seen prior to age 10
    • Less likely to be physically aggressive
    • More likely to have normal peer relationships
  16. Conduct Disorder Diagnostic Criteria
    • 3 or more in past 12 months, at least 1 in past 6 months:
    • Aggression to people and animals
    • Destruction of Property (Fire setting)
    • Deceitfulness or theft
    • Serious violation of rules
  17. Oppositional Defiant Disorder
    A pattern of negativistic, defiant, disobedient, and hostile behavior toward authority figures that occurs more frequently than is typically observed in people of comparable age and develpmental level, lasting at least 6 months
  18. ODD onset occurs at what age?
    By age 8 and no later than adolescence
  19. Major difference between ODD and Conduct Disorder
    ODD don't violate rights of others and are passive-aggressive
  20. Tourette's Disorder
    Presence of multiple motor tics and one or more vocal tics causing marked distress in social, academic, or occupational functioning
  21. Tourette's Disorder is most commonly diagnosed between what ages?
  22. Palilalia
    Repeating one's own sounds or words
  23. Echolalia
    Repeating what others say
  24. Meds given to children with ADHD
    • CNS stimulants (adderal, vyvanse)
    • SNRI: Strattera
    • NSRI: Wellbutrin (shouldn't be given to children with history of seizures and eating disorders)
  25. Meds given to children with Tourette's Disorder
    • Haldol, Orap, Catapres
    • Atypical antipsychotics: Zyprexa, Risperdal, Geodon
Card Set
Childhood Disorders
Morris Test 2