Chapter 1 Art History

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  1. The definition of art:
    • Art is a primarily visual medium that is used to express ideas about our human experience and the world around us.
  2. What is art for whom and when?
    • →Art is whatever a society or a culture says is art.
    • →Not a universal or fixed definition. →Fluctuates, because cultures are alive and changing.
  3. Functions of Art
    • →Assists in rituals
    • →Reflects customs
    • →Communicates
    • →Helps us imagine the divine
    • →Commemorates the dead
    • →Glorifies the state
    • →Protests political and social
    • →Celebrates war and conquest
    • →Promotes cohesion
    • →Records likenesses
    • →Educates us
    • →Entertains us
    allows the work to be seen or touched, and ideas to be communicated.
  5. Visual form
    • the formal elements, line, shape, color, texture, mass, volume, space.
    • →composition, the arrangement of formal elements
    • →materials from which the artwork is made.
  6. Art has content
    ideas associated with each artwork
  7. Content
    • communicated through:
    • →Imagery
    • →symbolic meaning
    • →where it is used or displayed
    • →customs, beliefs, and values of the culture
    • →writings that explain the work
  8. Aesthetics
    • →a branch of philosophy dealing with art, its sources, forms, and effects.
    • →goes beyond individual tastes or preferences.
    • →is a critical reflection on art.
    • →reflects the culture’s preferences.
  9. Perception
    focused and concentrated looking
  10. Response
    reflects the artists’ responses to their life experiences and the world around them.
  11. Expression
    art is the expression of the artist’s perception and response
  12. Artistic Creativity
    • Creativity allows us to originate something or to cause some object to come into being.
    • •What that means exactly can vary from culture to culture.
  13. 2 essential ingredients ofcreativity in the US?
    • →innovation
    • →self-expression
  14. Crafts
    are sometimes distinguished from art.

    • →refers to specific media, ceramics, glass, jewelry, weaving, and woodworking…
    • →involves making objects rather than images.
    • →objects often have a utilitarian purpose.
  15. Stylistic Categories
    • Style is the manner of artistic expression:
    • →of an individual artist
    • →of a historic period
    • →of an entire civilization
  16. Naturalistic
    recognizable imagery that is depicted as seen in nature.
  17. Representational
    contains entities from the world in recognizable form.
  18. Idealized art
    natural imagery is modified, strives for perfection within the bounds, values and aesthetics of a particular culture.
  19. Classical Art
    • →art that is orderly, balanced, clear, well proportioned.
    • →describes a point in the evolution of styles
    • →represents the full development of a certain style.
    • →(with a capital C), refers specifically to art made in Greece in the 5th C. BCE.
  20. Expressive or expressionist styles of art communicate
    • →heightened emotions
    • →a sense of urgency or spontaneity.
  21. Expressive styles
    • →appear bold and immediate
    • →feature distorted, abstracted imagery
    • →appear asymmetrical
    • →have textured surfaces, thick paint application
  22. Surreal Art
    • →contains bizarre or fantastic arrangements
    • – of images or materials.
    • →taps the workings of the unconscious mind.
  23. Non-objective Art
    contains imagery generated by the artist.
  24. “Abstract art”
    is the same as “nonobjective,”
  25. Abstracted
    imagery may or may not be recognizable, but derived from reality by distorting, enlarging, and/or dissecting from nature.
  26. Cultural styles
    • are apparent when studying a particular art form that appears globally.
    • →Islamic mosques are built globally.
    • →Local solutions are different from each other.
  27. Artists’ Styles
    refers to the distinguishing characteristics of an artist’s work.
Card Set
Chapter 1 Art History
the art vocabulary
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