Reading Test #2

  1. What is the instructional level?
    90 -94%
  2. What is the frustration level
    below 89%
  3. what are the two best predictors of early reading success?
    • phonemic awareness
    • alphabetic knowledge
  4. What is phonemic awareness?
    the awareness of the speech sounds in a spoken word
  5. What is isolation?
    recognizing individual sounds in words
  6. What is identity?
    hearing same sounds in different words (cat and mad)
  7. What is categorization?
    recognizing a word having a different sound in a group of words (bad, dad, sad)
  8. what is blending?
    blending sounds to make words
  9. What is segmentation?
    breaking a spoken word into phonemes (dog)
  10. What is deletion?
    removing a sound and recognize what remains (sit, bat, meat, when)
  11. What is addition?
    adding a phenome to create a new word
  12. What is substitution?
    replacing a phenome with anohter to create a new word (feet, meet)
  13. Teaching stratigies (4)
    • Word stretching
    • Segment and blend compound words
    • Syllibication
    • Segment and blend onset and rime
  14. Long a
    name, grade
  15. Short a
    cat, that
  16. Schwa a
    America, Florida
  17. Short i
    orange, sausage
  18. long e
    me, be
  19. short e
    pet, error
  20. short i
    telephone, refer, refuse
  21. schwa e
    student, open
  22. Examples of blends
    • bl
    • scr
    • sk
    • br
    • cl
    • sc
    • cr
  23. Alphabet teaching routines
    • teach 1 or 2 letters per week: letter name, identification, writing the upper and lower cases
    • use alphabet chart
  24. what is phonics?
    the systematic and predictable relationships between spelling patterns and speech sounds
  25. The C rule
    soft c or /s/ followed by e, i, or y

    hard c or /k/ followed by a, o, or u
  26. The G rule
    soft g or /j/ followed by e, i, or y

    hard g or /g/ followed by a, o, or u
  27. Vowel Digraphs
    when two vowels go walking the first one does the talking (meat, beat, boat)
  28. VC final e pattern
    the vowel is long while the e is silent (make, lake, bike)
  29. Bossy R
    the r controls the vowel (her, author, fur)
  30. L-controlled vowel
    call, cold, help, fall
  31. CV pattern
    the vowel is long (so, go, be, me, no)
  32. CVC pattern
    the vowel sound is short (bat, mom, leg, cod, pit)
  33. Assessment in phonological awareness, phonics and word identification (5)
    • letter id
    • initial sound identification
    • sound isolation
    • nonsense word identification
    • running record
  34. Arkansas standards for fluency rate
    • K = 40 letters
    • 1st = 40 words
    • 2nd = 90 words
    • 3rd = 110 words
    • 4th = 118 words
    • 8th = 171 words
  35. what does it mean to be fluent?
    • reading orally with speed, accuracy, and proper expression
    • automaticity, expression, rate, phrasing
  36. what causes non-fluency (4)
    • limited vocabulary
    • poor decoding skills
    • poor comprehension
    • limited reading experience
  37. Benchmarks of fluency development
    K = Reads familiar texts emergently

    1st = reads aloud with accuracy any text that is appropriately designed for first semester

    2nd = accurately decodes regular multi-syllable words; accurately reads many irregularly spelled words

    3rd = reads aloud wiht fluency any text that is at grade level
  38. Assessing fluency
    Oral reading fluency or running record

    teacher counts the # of words read in one minute

    counts the # of errors

    reports # of correctly read words

    Retell fluency comprehension
  39. What skills are needed in order to read fluently?
    • automatic decoding
    • proper pause and expression
    • fast
  40. What are some popular approaches to fluency instruction
    • familiar reading
    • buddy reading
    • oral repeated reading
    • echo reading
    • choral reading
    • reader's theatere
    • evening newscast
    • DEAR and extensive home reading
  41. How to do repeated oral reading?
    • unison
    • echo
    • buddy reading: read to each other with the fluent reader reading first
    • tape-assisted reading
    • independent familiar reading
  42. What is the fluency instruction- fluency pyramid for K-2
    • poetry/songs
    • nonfiction
    • stories/predictable books
Card Set
Reading Test #2
Reading Test #2