CAS 301 Study Guide

  1. What is a risk-benefit analysis in research?
    • Must calculate potential risks and benefits in conducting a study
    • Potential Risks - Psychological or Physical harm
    • Potential Benefits - benefits to society, direct benefits to the participant, payment and gifts (but never too much)
  2. What is an informed consent form? What should it include?
    • Potential participants are informed about the study in a written format
    • Can choose to participate or decline
    • Must include: purpose of the study, risks and benefits, their right to refuse to participate at any time
    • Autonomy issues
    • Minors must complete assent, parents complete consent
  3. Do minors have to complete informed consent forms? What about their parents?
    • No - minors complete assent
    • Parents complete consent
  4. Who are the special populations that must be protected in research?
    • Minors
    • Prisoners
    • Pregnant women
    • Economically
    • Physically
    • Mentally
    • Disadvantaged
  5. How and why is deception used in research?
    • Necessary when providing too much information can impact the results
    • Deception about purpose of the study
    • Deception within the study
  6. What is debriefing? What should it include?
    • Debriefing - Explanation of the purposes of the research that is given to participants following their participation in the research
    • Occurs after the completion of the study
    • Explanation of any deception used
    • explain purpose of study and expected results
    • Make sure that any altered physical or psychological state occurred returns to normal
  7. What is the IRB?
    • IRB - Institutional Review Board
    • Reviews all research within that institution
    • Usually made up of faculty members
    • All institutions that receive federal funding must have one
  8. List and describe the risk levels in research.
    • Exempt research
    • Minimal Risk
    • Greater than minimal risk
  9. Risks in Psychological Research
    • Physical Harm
    • Stress
    • Loss of privacy and confidentiality
Card Set
CAS 301 Study Guide
Chapter 3