Jazz Exam 1

  1. Swing feeling
    Makes you want to tap your toes and clap your hands
  2. Components of swing

    (polka, rock, waltzes, bluegrass)
    • -A constant temp
    • -Cohesive group sound, every member's playing is synchronized with that of every other member.
    • -Rythmic Lilt, good rythmic groove.
  3. Components of Swing

    • -Abundance of synchopated rhythms
    • -Swing Eighth-note pattern (shorter buy louder and's (1 AND 2 AND..)
    • -Alternation of tension and relaxation in the listener
  4. Jazz
    A performance contains improvisation and convey Jazz swing feeling.
  5. Chorus
    One playing through of a chord progression
  6. Double-timing
    Band starts playing as though tempo were doubled its original rate
  7. Rhythm section
    • -Drums
    • -Bass
    • -Piano
    • -Guitar
    • -Banjo
    • -Walking Bass (a note every beat)
  8. Compers
    Piano, Vibes, Guitar, Banjo
  9. Solo
    Variation of the melody
  10. Solo break
    One person keeps the beat while soloing alone.
  11. Skills possessed by improvisor
    • -Remember chord changes
    • -create phrases compatible with chord changes
    • -edit his work. Each improvasion make a clear statement.
    • -Think ahead so phrases will fit well
    • -Remember what he's played
    • -Swing with tempo of the piece
    • -Respond to the rythmic figures of his accompanists
  12. Creoles of color
    African-French, lived in French quarter. Wealthy, educated. Later would be oppressed by Jim Crow laws
  13. Jazz Componetns
    • Blues
    • Brass Bands
    • Ragtime
    • Dance Music
  14. Blues
    Evolved from vocal tradition. Pre-gospel. work songs (call and response), Street vendors
  15. Ragtime
    Most popular dance music by 1900. Synchopation, banjo influenced
  16. Louis Armstrong
    First great improvised solist

    Instrument: Trumpet, Vocal
  17. Sidney Bechet
    Right along with Armstrong, know from his solos

    Instrument: Clarinet
  18. Original Dixieland Jazz Band
    First Jazz recording in Chicago (All white, Non-improvised, 1917)
  19. James P Johnson
    Pianoist. First great stride style player.
  20. Trumpet
    Carries the melody
  21. "Jelly Roll" Morton
    First major jazz composer. first to let notes have swinging feeling. Blends the improvised and composed flawlessly
  22. Earl Hines
    Worked with Louis a lot, had a radio show for 11 years
  23. Bix Beiderbeck
    White, Trumpet. Harmonically more advanced then Louis Armstrong.
  24. Frankie Trumbauer
    C Melody Sax, "Cool Approach"
  25. Kid Ory
    Trombone, first to solo with a trombone
  26. Walking Bass
    playing notes that serve to keep time for the band as well as outlining the chord progression being followed by the improviesors
Card Set
Jazz Exam 1
MUSI 135 Test One