Art Appreciation

  1. Principles of Design
    • Unity
    • Variety
    • Emphasis
    • Focal Point
    • Balance
    • Rhythm
    • Scale
    • Proportion
  2. Unity has the effect of gathering parts of a composition into a harmonious whole.
  3. Variety the counterpint of unity adds visual interest to a composition.
  4. Emphasis and Focal Point draw and hold the viewers eye on certain parts of work.
  5. Balance brings visual stability to a work of art.
  6. Rhythm converys a sense of orderly progression among parts of the work.
  7. Scale of a work is its size in relation to us.
  8. Proportions of a work have to do with how parts relate to the whole.
  9. Visual Elements of Art (Formal Elements)
  10. Line serves as an essential building block of art, or be manipulated to evoke emotional or intellectual response from a viewer, can serves as the content of a work of art.
  11. Shape in two demensional are are distinct areas within a composition that have boundaries separating them from what surrounds them. the essential visual element.
  12. Value refers to the blacks and whites and grays in a works of art. as well as to the contrast between lights and darks.
  13. Paleolithic
    The late years of the old stone age
  14. Mesolithic
    Middle stone age
  15. Neolithic
    New stone age
  16. Naturalism
    images of the beast by first confidently outlining the contours of the beast.
  17. Venuses
    prehistoric sculptures
  18. Megaliths
    Greek for large stones.
  19. Cuneiform
    system of writing meaning wedge
  20. ziggurat
    monumental platform for a temple also seen in the babylonian and assyrian civilizations of later years
  21. temple
    upper level of the ziggurat
  22. Lapis Lazuli
    objects of hammered gold inlaid with lapis lazuli
  23. Basalt
    over seven foot high relief sculpture inscribed with the code of law
  24. Fertile Crescent
    lush land that lay between the tigris and euphrates rivers providing sustenance for the mesopotamian civilizations
  25. Fertile Ribbon
    counter part of crescent is egypt
  26. Incised
    low relief incised with detail.
  27. Cosmetic Palette
    egyptians applied dark colors around their eyes to deflect the suns glare like football players but its symbolism supercedes its function.
  28. Registers
    front of the palette dividen into horizontal segments
  29. Horus
    the sun god represented as a falcon
  30. Mortuary Temple
    carved out of the living rock as were the rock cut tombs of the middle kingdom
  31. Pre Hellenic
    Bronze age of greece comprised the cultures of the cyclades islands
  32. Pictographs
    form of writing called linear A
  33. Magazines
    storage areas where large vessels of grain and wine were embedded in the earth for safekeeping adn natural cooling
  34. Rosettes
    Accentend doorways
  35. Lintel
    large stone carving set ontop of huge stone pilars
  36. Tholos
    contribution of the mycenaean architect or beehived tomb
  37. Shaft graves
    royal family buried in pits in the fround lined with stones and marked
  38. Stele
    Headstone ... tomb markings set above the entrance to gravesw
  39. Classical Art
    greece art period
  40. Humanism
    human beings the center of the univers the measure of all things
  41. idealism
    representation of forms according to an accepted standard of beauty.
  42. Geometric Period
    Spanned two centuries from 900 to 700 bce
  43. Krater
    a grave marker Vase
  44. Archaic period
    Spanned from 660 to 480 bce
  45. Volute Krater
    v shapped vase divided into six wide bands or registers
  46. black figure painting
    combination of black figures on a reddish background achieved through a three stage kiln firing process
  47. Slip
    a liquid of sifted clay
  48. Oxidizing phase
    first stage of the oxidizing phase where oxygen was allowed into the kiln
  49. Reducing Phase
    second phase of firing oxygen was eliminated from the kiln and the vase and the slop both turned black
  50. reoxidizing phase
    final and third phase of firing oxygen is introduced to the kiln
  51. Cella
    central room usually housed the cult statue of the god or goddess to whom the temple was dedicated
  52. Three styles or orders in greek architecture
    • Doric
    • Ionic
    • Corinthian
  53. Stylobate
    base of the colom platform
  54. Capital
    crown of the column
  55. Entablature
    • directly bears the weight of the roof
    • three parts architrave, frieze, cornice
  56. Doric Frieze
    Triglyphs and metopes
  57. Cornice
    top most element of the entablature
  58. Kouros Figures
    earliest greek statues
  59. Kore
    female counterpart to kouros not naked
  60. Peplos
    what kore wears
  61. Entasis
    swelling in a column
  62. Coffered
    curved with recessed squares that physically visually lighten the structure
  63. Oculus
    circular opening in the top of the dome in the pantheon
Card Set
Art Appreciation