1. Timbre (color) �
    the character or quality of a musical tone as determined by its harmonics and its attack and decay.
  2. Solo �
    a musical composition, or portion of a composition, sung or played by a single performer unison.
  3. Monophony �
    a musical texture involving only a single line of music with no accompaniment.
  4. Polyphony-
    a musical texture involving two or more simultaneously sounding lines; the lines are often independent and create counterpoint.
  5. Homophony �
    a texture in which all the voices, or lines, move to new pitches at roughly the same time; often referred to in contradistinction to polyphony.
  6. Pizzicato -
    the process whereby a performer plucks the strings of an instrument rather than bowing them.
  7. piano (p)-
    in musical notation, a dynamic mark indicating "soft".
  8. Dynamics �
    the various levels of volume, loud and soft, at which sounds are produced in a musical composition.
  9. forte (f) �
    in musical notation, a dynamic mark indicating "loud".
  10. crescendo-
    a gradual increase in the volume of sound.
  11. Beat
    an even pulse in music that divides the passing of time into equal segments.
  12. rhythm �
    the organization of time in music, dividing up long spans of time into smaller, more easily comprehended units; gives shape to the profile of the melody.
  13. Tempo �
    the speed at which the beats occur in music.
  14. Meter-
    the gathering of beats into regular groups.
  15. measure downbeat �
    the first beat of each measure; it is indicated by a downward motion of the conductor�s hand and is usually stressed.
  16. accent �
    emphasis or stress placed on a musical tone or a chord.
  17. octave
    the interval comprising the first and eighth tones of the major and minor diatonic scale; the sounds are quite similar because the frequency of vibration of the higher pitch is exactly twice that of the lower.
  18. pitch �
    the relative position, high or low, of a musical sound.
  19. dominant chord
    the chord built on the fifth degree of the scale.
  20. tonic chord �
    the central pitch around which the melody and harmony gravitate.
  21. major scale �
    a seven-note scale that ascends in the following order of whole and half steps: 1-1-�-1-1-1-�.
  22. minor scale �
    a seven-note scale that ascends in the following order of whole and half steps: 1-1-�-1-1-1-�.
  23. chromatic scale �
    scale that makes use of all twelve pitches, equally divided, within the octave.
  24. key �
    a tonal center built on a tonic note and making use of a scale; also, on a keyboard instrument, one of a series of levers that can be depressed to generate sound.
  25. chord �
    two or more simultaneously sounding pitches.
  26. consonance �
    pitches sounding agreeable and stable.
  27. dissonance �
    a discordant mingling of sounds.
  28. harpsichord �
    a keyboard instrument, especially popular during the Baroque era, that produces sound by depressing a key that drives a lever upward and forces a pick to pluck a string.
Card Set
Music Quiz 1