The objective evaluation of the ______ ______ includes the RBCs, hematocrit, hemoglobin, and the WBCs.
The four types of WBC granulocytes are:
Neutrophils, Eosinophils, basophils, lymphocytes
The heart works as two pumps with the right side of the heart pumping blood to the ______, and the left side pumping blood to the ______ ______.
Lungs; systemic circulation
True or False: Blood pressure is measured indirectly.
True or False: The systemic circulation supplies blood to the organs and tissues of the body.
The heart is supplied with blood via the right and left ______ ______ that originate at the base of the aorta.
The ______ ______ reflects the contraction and relaxation of the heart.
______ ______ is an index that estimates contractile function of the left ventricle.
Ejection fraction (expected EF is 60-70%)
What two histories are assessed to determine previous heart conditions and risk factors for heart disease?
Medical and family
Heart sounds are assessed by which of five positions:
Aortic, pulmonic, Erb’s point, tricuspid, and mitral
True or false: Cardiac catheterization and coronary angiography is non-invasive.
False: It is invasive. A catheter is placed in the vascular system and threaded to the heart, where dye is injected to assess chamber function and visualize the coronary arteries.
True or False: Nursing management for cardiac system diagnostic tests relies on patient education.
Which of the following blood products or proteins are used in blood clotting? Choose all that apply.
A and B – these two are used in hemostasis
Which of the following areas are best used to assess pallor due to anemia?
In general, which of the following causes normal heart sounds?
What is the phase of the cardiac cycle during which the ventricles relax and the decreased intraventricular pressure causes the mitral valve to open?
b. P wave
d. T wave
diastole is correlated with ventricular filling
What is the extra heart sound, normal in some clients, that occurs early in diastole during a period of rapid ventricular filling and which in the older adult signifies heart failure?
Which normal heart sound is produced when the pressure in the ventricle drops below aortic pressure and the aortic valve closes?
Which heart sound is produced when the ventricle contracts, and the ventricular pressure rapidly exceeds left atrial pressure, causing the mitral valve to close?
A physiologically split S2 sound is best auscultated over which area?
Which of the following is the appropriate auscultation site for the mitral valve area in the client?
a. Second ICS to the left of the midsternal line
b. Fourth ICS, 2 to 3 cm to the right of the midsternal line
c. Fifth ICS, approximately at the left midclavicular line
d. Third ICS at the left midsternal border
the mitral area and the apical pulse are the fifth ICS midclavicular line