Events Leading Up to the Civil War

  1. Missouri Compromise
    • law in the early 1800s
    • keep balance between slave + free states
    • pt1. MO = slave state
    • pt.2 ME = free state
    • pt.3 MO Compromise Line - North prohibits slavery, south (-MO) allows slavery
    • Will the new territories be slave or free?
  2. Fugitive Slave Law of 1850
    • a part of the Compromise of 1850
    • northern citizens had to report and capture runaways OR fine/jail
    • people we allowed to be arrested for being accused as a slave with no rights to a trial - judges were bribed to declare guilty
    • northerners = mad
  3. Uncle Tom's Cabin
    • book by Harriet Beecher Stowe in the 1800s
    • showed evils of slavery
    • made people aware of the issue of slavery
  4. John Brown's Raid in Kansas and Harper's Ferry
    • uprising in VA in the 1800s
    • abolitionist John Brown tried to seize arms in VA for a slave revolt
    • killed followers - Brown was captured and sentenced to death
  5. Lincoln-Douglas Debates
    • Lincoln ran against Douglas in 1858 for IL senate
    • talked about slavery - Lincoln more against it moving to the west
    • made Lincoln nationally known for presidency
    • (Lincoln lost the election)
  6. Republicans vs. Democrats
    • Republicans: not abolitionists. Didn't want slavery to spread to the west.
    • Democrats: popular soverneighty
  7. Lincoln's Election
    • Reasons:
    • 1. more northerners (the ones who voted for Lincoln)
    • 2. Democrats split the vote
    • led to the south's secession
  8. The Secession of South Carolina & the South
    • were angry that Lincoln was elected - didn't share their beliefs - thought they didnt have a say in govt
    • south carolina went first - convention and declaration was passed that trashed all ties with the U.S.
    • wrote a constitution by the time Lincoln was elected in March
    • The Confederate States of America
  9. Attack of Fort Sumter
    • 1861
    • North didn't want to give up Fort Sumter so the South attacked
    • U.S. had to surrender after being starved and having the fort burned
    • **First battle of the Civil War
  10. Dred Scott Decision
    • Supreme Court Ruling in the mid-1800s
    • Dred Scott sued for his freedom, went up to the Supreme Court
    • pt1. Since Dred Scott was a slave, he was not a citizen and had no legal rights, so he couldn't sue
    • pt2. Since Dred Scott was an African American, he was not a citizen and had no legal rights, so he couldn't sue
    • pt3. all laws banning slavery were unconstitutional\
    • Led to Civil War - Now slavery was legal everywhere
Card Set
Events Leading Up to the Civil War