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freuds 5 stages , developemental theory
Oral stage (birth to 1 year)
Anal stage (1 to 3 years)
Phallic stage (3 to 6 years)
Latency stage (6 to 11 years)
Genital stage (11 years on)
freud defense mechanisms
stuck in one stage?
unconscious motives and conflicts.
in the importance of early childhood.
that development occurs in fixed stages.
on fantasies and symbolic meanings of events.
on subjective rather than objective methods.
structure of personality
Id Pleasure principle Primary process thinking
UnconsciousWell below surface of awareness; difficult to retrieve
Ego Reality principle Secondary process thinking
Superego Moral imperatives Ideals
theory of Cognitive development
development consists of mental adaptations to new observations and experiences.
takes two forms:
: Absorbing new information into existing cognitive
: Modifying existing cognitive structures in response to
experience and new information
Stages of Development
: object permanence
: accelerated use of symbols and language
(autobiographical memory of the events in their lives)
Concrete Operational (7-11)
: understanding of conservation, identity and
Formal Operational (12+)
: abstract reasoning, ability to compare and
Focuses on the individual’s developing relationships with others in social world
Eight stages - development continues over life span
Crisis at each stage of development
Trust vs. Mistrust
Autonomy vs. Shame/doubt
Initiative vs. Guilt
Identity vs. Role confusion
Intimacy vs. Isolation
Generativity vs. Stagnation
Integrity vs. Despair