History 311 Chapter 17

  1. How many people lived in urban areas in 1860? and 40 years later
    • 1860 1 in 5
    • 1900 2 in 5
  2. What was the Great Migration?
    Drawn by better jobs and more freedoms, african americans migrated to northern cities. Over 300,000 migrated
  3. How many imigrated to the US between 1860-1900?
    14 million including Russian, Italians, Greece, Austria-Hungy
  4. What are ethnic enclaves?
    Immigrants moved into areas of their own ethnicity. Ex. Little Italy, Little Germany
  5. What are tenements/
    multiple family dwellings of 4 or 6 stories housing dozens of families was a common form of housing for poor city dwellers by 1860. They suffered from high rates of disease and death, when drinking water because contaminated by bacteria becuz of sewage waste,
  6. What are political machines?
    associated with the republican party, the organizations became powerful in most large american cities by mobilizing large blocs of working class and immigrant voters while developing relationships with business interests. The white man was scared. often used corruption and election fraud.
  7. What did nativism take aim at?
    at the so called new immigrants, those coming from southern and eastern Europe.
  8. Chinese Exclusion Act
    1882 congress passed the chinese exclusion act that barred chinese immigration to the us.
  9. What immigration changes were made in 1890 - 1894 by congress?
    making oversight of immigration a federal responsibility and establishing immigration depots in most major port cities to weed out diseases, radical beliefs, criminal backgrounds, or the poor. Ellis Island opened in 1892.
  10. What is the literacy test bill?
    3 Harvard grads lobbyed to have a literacy test for any immigrants to read and write in any language. Presidents Cleveland, Taft, and Wilson vetoed the bill but Congress overrode the veto and it became law in 1917.
  11. For the people not blamming crime on immigration, what changes were made in the late 19th century?
    Community parks in big cities, including Central Park in NY, a health department to combat disease, police force, fire companies for new technology. Education enrollment rose. The Pledge of Allegance was in 1892 made to be said in classroom as to promote patriotism, the pledge initially required to extend the hand out, but it was removed because of hitler.
  12. What are settlement houses?
    they are institutions dedicated to helping the urban poor by providing a wide range of social and education services. The Hull house was the most popular of its kind.
  13. City Beautiful Movement
    taking form in the 1880s, it brought together architects, landscrape architects, and urban planners.
  14. What is the white city>?
    Chicago after the 1871 devestating fire designed by the nations leading architects..., consisted of 14 main buildings, designed in the Beaux-Arts style, set in landscped grounds featuring waterways and reflecting pools.
  15. What is womens suffereage movement?
    by 1890, many of the activist women joined the movement, to form the National American Womans Sufferage Association (NAWSA).
  16. Middle Class formation
    Led to fewer children, higher incomes, purchasing of pianos.
  17. What is a "New Woman"?
    described middle class women who pursued higher education, engaged in political activism, delayed marriage, and bore few children,
  18. What is consoicuous consumption?
    the construction of opulent mansions in elite urban districts such as NY Fifth Ave, San Frans Nob Hill, Chicagos Lake Shore Dr. Newport RI, the wealthy would compete on who could throw the most extravagant ball, weddings, and parties. This led to the naming of the Gilded Age.
  19. What is the Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890?
    It required the US Treasury to purchase4.5 million ounces of silver every month and issue notes (paper money) redeemable in either silver or gold.
  20. Who are the Peoples Party?
    in the late 1870s famers alliances, successors to the grange movement, formed to alleviate the plight of farmers beset by rising costs and falling proces for their products. They were no match for the already established parties however they did see success in electing 1500 cabdudates ti state legislatures, 3 govs, 5 senators, and 10 representatives.
  21. What is the panic of 1893
    a financial crisis rocked the nation leading to the most severe depression in American history to that time. Failure of 1000's of farms and businesses, 74 railroads, 600 banks closed, unemployment was at 20%.
  22. What is Coxey's Army?
    500 marched to washington on 4/30/1984. Denied access to the capitol, Covey delivered an address on the buildings steps.
  23. What is the "Gilded Age"?
    1877+1900 in part it was a golden era of tremendous economic growth, such as skyscrappers, electricity, and devolopements in culutre and leisure. It was the rise of modern america. were lieve a thin gold layer that voered many unresolved social problems.
Card Set
History 311 Chapter 17
History 311 Chapter 17