Respiration study guide

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  1. Fluoroscopy
    Used to provide motion radiographs of lungs
  2. Chest tubes
    Inserted to drain air or fluid from the pleural space of lungs; prevent reexpansion of collapsed lung
  3. Pneumonectomy
    Removal of an entire lung
  4. Hypoxemia
    Low level of oxygen in blood
  5. Nutrition and COPD
    Pleasant environment, treatments 1 hr before meals, help with oral hygiene, smaller meals, serve what they like
  6. Status asthmaticus
    Can result in right sided heart failure, pneumothorax, hypoxemia, acidoses, respiratory or cardiac arrest
  7. TB infection control
    Cover mouth and nose and dispose of tissues carefully; no masks or isolation
  8. Centrilobar emphysema
    Associated with cigarette smoking-affects mainly respiratory bronchioles
  9. Blue bloater
    Advanced chronic BBBBBronchitis; increased dyspnea, cyanosis, peripheral edema
  10. Chest physiotherapy
    Therapeutic measure-chest percussion, vibration, postural drainage
  11. Complications of influenza
    Bronchitis and viral or bacterial pneumonia
  12. Pneumothorax
    Air in pleural cavity that causes lung to collapse
  13. Tension pneumothorax
    Air repeatedly enters the pleural space with inspiration causing the pressure to rise
  14. Open pneumothorax
    from a chest wound-air moves freely in with inhalation and exhalation
  15. Hemothorax
    Blood in the lung
  16. Thoracentesis
    Insertion of a large needle through the chest into the pleural cavity
  17. Respiratory depression
    Hypoventilation-takes place when airflow might be inadequate to execute required gas exchange
  18. "Ineffective tissue perfusion" could be used for
    COPD, asthma, bronchitis; breathing treatments, raise in bed
  19. Asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema are classified as
    chronic respiratory disorders
  20. Airway dynamics
    Patient's ability to inhale and exhale with force
  21. How do the triggers work to bring on an acute asthma attack
    airways constrict and become edematous; effect is hypoxemia with hyperventilation
  22. When does the late phase of asthma attack begin
    5-6 hours after early phase; acute being within 30-60 minutes and resolve 30-90 minutes later
  23. Pink Puffer
    EmPPPPPPhysema without chronic bronchitis, normal ABGs, skin color is normal
  24. Administering O2
    nasal cannula, O2 mask, partial rebreathing mask, ventiru, transtracheal
  25. Cor pulmonale
    Right sided heart failure secondary to pulmonary disease
  26. Decongestants
    Contraindicated in patients with high BP
  27. Lung structure
    • Trachea
    • Left main bronchus
    • Secondary bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Alveoli
  28. Symptoms of PE
    Sudden chest pain that worsens with breathing; apprehensive patient with hemoptysis; may have crackles
  29. Inspiration
    Active contraction of the muslces and diaphragm
  30. Chronic bronchitis
    Bronchial inflammation; caused from chronic imflammation and/or recurring infections that increase mucous production obstructing the airway
  31. Emphysema S&S
    Dyspnea on exertion, barrel chest
  32. SYmptoms of an asthma attack
    Dyspnea, productive cough, use of accessory muscles of respiration, audible expiratory wheezing, tachycardia and tachypnea
  33. Diagnostic test for COPD
    Pulmonary function test
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Respiration study guide
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