Mental Health Ch 11

  1. Benson's Relaxation techniques
    techniques that allow a patient to switch from the sympatheitc mode of the autonomic nervous system to a state of relaxation by focusing on a pleasnant mental image in a calm and peachful environment
  2. Biofeedback
    technique for gaining conscious control over unconsicous body functions,to achieve relaxation or the relief of stress-related physical symptoms
  3. Cognitive reframing
    a process of changing the indivdual's perceptions of stress by reassessing a situation and replacing irrational beliefs
  4. Coping styles
    discrete personal attributes that people have and can develop to help manage stress
  5. distress
    a negative, draining energy hat resluts in anxiety, depresion, confusion, helplessness, hopelessness, and fatigue
  6. Eustress
    a postive typoe of stress that reflects a person's confidence in the ability to successfully master given demands or tasks
  7. Fight-or-flight response
    body's physiological response to fear or rage that triggers the SNS as well as the endocrine system
  8. General adaptation syndrome (GAS)
    • The body's organized response to stress, as elucidated b Hans Selye. 3 stages:
    • 1. stage of alarm
    • 2. stage of resistance
    • 3. stage of exhaustion
  9. Guided imagery
    a process whereby a perswon is led to envision images that are both calming and health enhancing
  10. humor
  11. journaling
    keeping a diary which may be informal or part of a treatment plan of daily events, activities, and feelings
  12. meditation
    a discipine for training the mind to develop greater alm and then using that calm to bring penetrative insight into one's experience
  13. mindfulness
    a centuries-old form of meditation that emphasizes awareness of ourselves and our mental activity from moment to moment
  14. physical stressors
    Environmental and physical conditions that elicit the stress response
  15. progressive muscle relaxation (PMR)
    a method of decreasing anxiety in which the individual tenses groups of muscles as tightly as possible for 8 seconds and then suddenly releases them
  16. Psychological Stressors
  17. psychoneuroimmuology
    study of the links among stress, the immune system and disease
  18. stressors
    psychological or physical stimuli that are incompatible with current functioning and require adaptation
Card Set
Mental Health Ch 11