Ap gov 1-3

  1. democracy
    • : a system of selecting policymakers and of
    • organizing government so that policy represents and responds to the public's
    • preferenceselite and class theory: theory of government and politics contending that
    • societies are divided along class lines and that
  2. government
    • 1. the institutions and processes through which public
    • policies are made for a society
  3. gross domestic product
    • 1. the sum total of the value of all the goods and
    • services produced in a nation
  4. hyperpluralism
    • theory of government and politics contending that groups are so strong
    • that government is weakened
  5. linkage institution
    • : the political channels
    • through which people's concerns become political issues on the policy agenda
  6. pluralist theory
    • theory of government and politics emphasizing that politics is mainly
    • competition among groups, each one pressing for its own preferred policies
  7. policy agenda
    • the issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and
    • other people actually involved in politics at any given point in time
  8. policy gridlock
    • a condition that occurs when no coalition is strong enough to form a
    • majority and establish policy
  9. policy impacts
    • the effects a policy has on people and problems; analyzed to see how
    • well a policy has met its goal and at what cost
  10. policymaking institution
    • the branches of government charged with taking
    • action on political issues
  11. consent of the governed
    • 1.
    • idea
    • that government derives its authority by sanction of the people
  12. block grants
    • 1. Federal grants given more or less automatically to
    • states or communities to support broad programs in areas such as community
    • development and social services.
  13. Categorical Grants
    • Federal Grants that can be used only for specific purposes or categories
    • of state and local spending. They come with strings attached such as
    • nondiscrimination provisions
  14. Cooperative federalism
    • A system of government in which power and policy assignments are shared
    • between states and the national government
  15. Dual federalism
    • 1. A system of government in which both the federal
    • and state governments remain supreme within there own spheres, each responsible
    • for their own policies.
  16. Elastic Clause
    • 1. The final paragraph of Article 1, Section 8, of the
    • Constitution, which authorizes Congress to pass all laws necessary and proper
    • to carry out the enumerated powers.
  17. Enumerated powers
    • 1. Powers of the federal government that are
    • specifically addressed in the Constitution.
  18. Fiscal federalism
    • 1. The pattern of spending, taxing, and providing
    • grants in the federal system; it is the cornerstone of the national
    • government's relations with state and local governments.
  19. formula grants
    • Federal Categorical Grants distributed according to a formula specified
    • in legislation or in administrative regulations
  20. Gibbons v. Ogden
    • A landmark case in 1824 where the Supreme Court interpreted very broadly
    • the clause in Article 1, Section 8, of the Constitution giving Congress power
    • to regulate interstate commerce, encompassing virtually every form of
    • commercial activity
Card Set
Ap gov 1-3