vital signs

  1. how does the body cool itself- list one mechanism
  2. how does the body cool self- list 1 mechanism (besides hyperventilation)
    peripheral vasodilation
  3. how does body cool self- already mentioned: peripheral vasodilation, hyperventilation
    sweating (diaphoresis)
  4. how does body heat self
    muscle tensing
  5. how does body heat self- besides muscle tensing
  6. mech for body to heat self
    -already mentioned: shivering, muscle tensing
    increased metabolic rate
  7. sequence of fever
    • 1. shivering (not feeling feverish yet). Internal temp is indicating the body to warm up, even though it is normal temp.
    • 2. Feeling feverish all around
    • 3. Sweating- trying to cool internal temp after fever caused it to rise.
  8. fever
  9. normal range temp
    37C or 98.6F
  10. normal range pulse
  11. tacycardic range
  12. bradycardic range
  13. normal resp values
  14. BP normal range
  15. factors affecting elevated BP
    • clothing
    • cuff size
    • smoking within 30 min of test
    • caffeine within 30' of test
    • vigorous exercise within 10' of test
    • positioning (lying--> standing BP drop)
    • white coat effect
  16. factors affecting high pulse rate
    • exercise
    • heart problems (a-fib)
  17. factors affecting high resps
    • exercise
    • lung probs
  18. factors affecting high temp
    • infection
    • time of day/night
    • drinking prior to temp
  19. F to C conversions
    C= (F-32)x 0.56
  20. C to F
    F=(Cx 1.8) +32
  21. in to cm
    1in= 2.54cm
  22. kg to lbs
    1kg= 2.2lbs
  23. lb to oz
  24. m to ft
    1 meter= 3.28ft
  25. yd- ft
    1y= 3 ft
  26. cm to inch
    1cm= .39 in
  27. antecubital space
    in front of elbow
  28. auscultatory gap
    silent interval that may be present between systolic and diastolic pressures (korotkoff sounds)
  29. BMI
    body mass index- using height and weight, a measurement of weight status
  30. bruit
    sound similar to cardiac murmur, but of non-cardiac origin.
  31. diastolic
    relaxation period of blood pressure (lowest point in cycle)
  32. diurnal variation
    normal variation in body temp in morning compared to evening
  33. edema
  34. factitious fever
    artificial, self-induced. If pt does not have "other" signs of fever- tacycardia, warm skin to touch
  35. hyperpyrexia
    extremely high fever
  36. hyperventilation
    rapid, deep breathing
  37. pulse pressure
    diff between systolic and diastolic bp
  38. pyrexia
    elevated temp
  39. quotidian
    occurring daily
  40. rigors
  41. sepsis
    presence of various pus-forming and other pathogenic organisms, or their toxins, in the blood or tissues
  42. sphygmomanometer
    instrument used to measure BP
  43. systolic
    contraction period of bp (highest pressure during cardiac ejection)
  44. tachycardia
    rapid HR
  45. thrill
    humming vibration felt during palpation of the carotids
  46. torr
    unit of measure 1 torr = 1 mmHg
Card Set
vital signs
exam 1-vital vocab and tivia