Ch. 10 & 11

  1. Photometry
    the science that measures light. Light is really visible energy.
  2. Intensity
    Light emitted in a specific direction by a source (luminance intensity) measured in candelas (cd)
  3. Flux
    light emitted in all directions by a source (luminous flux) measured in lumens
  4. Illuminance
    density of light at any given point on a surface. Measured in footcandles. (fc)
  5. Luminance
    accepted term for light that is reflected from a surfac in a given direction
  6. Exitance
    total quantity of light emitted, reflected, or transmitted in all directions from a surface. measured in lumens per square foot (lm/ft2)
  7. Current
    flow of electricity
  8. Voltage
    potential of flow 120/240 volt
  9. Amp (A)
    rate of flow, volt per second
  10. Circuit
    path that current flows
  11. Conductor
    material that allows flow
  12. Watt (W)
    • rate of change.
    • Volts x amp = watts
  13. Energy (kWh)
    amount of electrical power consumed over a period of time
  14. Cycle
    • the interval that flow changes direction.
    • measured in Hertz (Hz)
  15. How does a switch "break"?
    the flow of electricity in a circuit when it is open ("off") and it allows unimpeded flow when closed ("on")
  16. Single Pole, Single Throw Switch
    switch is connected at any point between the luminiare and the power supply
  17. Direct Pole, Single Throw Switch
    is able to direct the current to two paths at once.
  18. Three Way Switch
    controls an electrical load from two locations; this allows the circuit to use one of two alternate paths to complete itself
  19. Dimming systems operate on one of two principles for restricting the flow of electricity:
    • 1) varying the voltage
    • 2) varying the length of time that the current flows during each alternating current cycle
  20. What increases the life of the lamp?
    Dimming incandescent sources
  21. How is the efficiency of an incandescent lamp reduced?
    The source is operated at less than its designed voltage because the temperature of the filament is reduced. Even though the lamps are less efficient at producing light, much energy is still being saved.
  22. What special equipment is used for dimming fluorescent lamps?
    The use of special dimming ballasts, which replace the standard ballast and must be compatible with the dimming control device.
Card Set
Ch. 10 & 11