Field Sanitation

  1. What are the 4 types of waste?
    • Human
    • Liquid
    • Garbage
    • Rubbish
  2. What is the water requirement per person, per day in a temperate zone?
    5 gallons
  3. A latrine can be no closer than what distance to a water source?
    100 ft
  4. What is Potable water?
    Water that is safe to drink
  5. What are the measurements of a straddle trench?
    1 ft wide, 4 ft long and 2 1/2 ft deep
  6. How many gallons of water will a Lister bag hold?
    36 gallons
  7. How deep is a cat hole?
    6 to 12 inches
  8. What is a communicable disease?
    A disease that ca be transmitted person to person, animal to person and insect to person
  9. What are the 5 "F"s of Field Sanitation?
    • Fingers
    • Feces
    • Flies
    • Foods
    • Fluids
  10. What is the best protection against disease or biological warfare?
    Immunization and personal hygiene
  11. What Field Manual covers Unit Field Sanitation Team?
    FM 4-25.12
  12. What Field Manual covers Field Hygiene and Sanitation?
    FM 21-10
  13. What is Field Sanitation?
    The use of measures to create and maintain healthful environmental conditions, these include safeguarding food, safeguarding water, and controlling disease bearing insects and rodents.
  14. What is a vector?
    Any living organism that can carry a disease-producing virus
  15. What is palatable water?
    Water that is pleasing to the taste, but which may be unsafe
  16. What are the 5 communicable disease grouped by the Army?
    • Respiratory
    • Intestinal
    • Insect borne
    • Venereal
    • Miscellaneous
  17. What are some diseases carried by the fly?
    • Typhoid
    • Cholera
    • Dysentery
  18. What 3 rules apply to water discipline in the field?
    • Drink only from approved sources
    • Conserve water
    • Do not contaminate your sources
  19. What are the three most common poison plants?
    • Poison ivy
    • Poison oak
    • Poison sumac
  20. Where should the latrine be located in relation to the mess hall?
    At least 100 meters downhill or downstream
  21. What are some of the diseases carried by the mosquito?
    • Malaria
    • Dengue
    • Yellow Fever
    • Encephalitis
    • Filariasis
  22. What are some methods for human waste disposal?
    • Straddle trench
    • Mound latrine
    • Burn out latrine
    • Deep pit
    • Bore hole latrines
    • Pail latrines
    • Urine soak pits
  23. How far should garbage pits be located away from the mess area?
    30 yards and no closer than 100 ft from any water sources.
  24. Enough straddle trenches should be dug to accommodate what percentage of the unit at one time?
    8 percent
  25. Water that is not properly treated can spread what diseases?
    • Common diarrhea,
    • Leptospirosis
    • Cholera
    • Dysentery
    • Bacillary
    • Typhoid
    • Paratyphoid fever
  26. What are two ways to purify water?
    • Iodine tablets
    • Boiling
  27. Who gives the final approval on whether water is safe to drink?
    Medical personnel
Card Set
Field Sanitation
Field San