EMS Medications

  1. Metaproterenol
    (Alupent, Metaprel)
    Bronchodilator administered by oral inhalation, used to prevent and treat wheezing, shortness of breath, and troubled breathing caused by asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and other lung diseases. It relaxes and opens air passages in the lungs, making it easier to breathe.

    • Contraindications:
    • - cardiac arrhythmias associated with tachycardia
    • - Although rare, immediate hypersensitivity reactions can occur. Therefore, contraindicated in patients with a history of hypersensitivity to any of its components.
  2. Glucose
    Used by diabetics and those with hypoglycemia to raise their blood sugar when it becomes very low.
  3. Albuterol
    (Proventil, Ventolin, Volmax, Vospire)
    Bronchodilator used to prevent and treat wheezing, difficulty breathing and chest tightness caused by lung diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; a group of diseases that affect the lungs and airways)
  4. Epinephrine
    (Adrenalin® Chloride Solution; EpiPen® Auto-Injector; EpiPen® Jr. Auto-Injector )
    Injection used to treat life-threatening allergic reactions caused by insect bites, foods, medications, latex, and other causes. Symptoms of allergic reaction include wheezing, shortness of breath, low blood pressure, hives, itching, swelling, stomach cramps, diarrhea, and loss of bladder control. It works by relaxing the muscles in the airways and tightening the blood vessels.
  5. Nitroglycerin
    Spray and tablets are used to treat episodes of angina (chest pain) in people who have coronary artery disease (narrowing of the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart). It works by relaxing the blood vessels so the heart does not need to work as hard and therefore does not need as much oxygen.

    Side effects: hypotension, headache, and a burning sensation under the tongue.
  6. Oral Glucose
    Diabetics and other people with hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, run out of energy when their glucose levels drop too low. These reactions can lead to unconsciousness if not treated in a timely matter.
  7. Activated Charcoal
    Activated Carbon
    Charcoal is carbon. Activated charcoal is charcoal that has been treated with oxygen to open up millions of tiny pores between the carbon atoms, giving it a very large surface area availiable for adsorption or chemical reactions.

  8. Syrup of Ipecac
    Treatment used to induce vomiting.
  9. Bronchodilator
    Albuterol; Ipratropium; Metaproterenol; Salmeterol; Formoterol; Theophylline
    Substance that dilates the bronchi and bronchioles, decreasing resistance in the respiratory airway and increasing airflow to the lungs.
  10. Vasodilator
    (Hydralazine; Minoxidil )
    Medications that open (dilate) blood vessels. Reduce pain by increasing the blood flow to the heart. They work directly on the muscles in the walls of your arteries, preventing the muscles from tightening and the walls from narrowing. As a result, blood flows more easily through your arteries, your heart doesn't have to pump as hard and your blood pressure is reduced.
  11. Diuretic
    (Aldactone; Dyazide; Hydrodiuril; Lasix; Maxzide)
    Anything that promotes the formation of urine by the kidney
Card Set
EMS Medications
EMS Medications General Summary