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tswhite
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68276
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Pharmacology Chapt 5
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2011-02-22 21:46:55
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Autry Pharmacology
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Pharmacology Chapter 5 Study Guide
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Pharmacology Chapt 5

  1. The somatic portion of the nervous system controls which of the following:
    A. skeletal muscle
    B. glandular secretion
    C. smooth airway muscle
    D. heart muscle
    A. skeletal muscle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. How is the neurotransmitter acetylcholine inactivated at the parasympathetic terminal receptor site?
    A. by the enzyme cholinesterase
    B. by the reuptake process
    C. by the enzyme monoamine oxidase (MAO)
    D. by the enzyme catechol O-methyltransferase (COMT)
    A. by the enzyme cholinesterase
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. You administer an inhaled bronchodilator that is known to have adrenergic side effects on the heart. What clinical sign should you watch for?
    A. bradypnea
    B. tachycardia
    C. tachypnea
    D. bradycardia
    B. tachycardia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. On administering a dose of atropine to your patient, which of the following effects would you NOT expect to see?
    A. bronchial constriction
    B. decr mucus production
    C. incr heart rate
    D. dry mouth
    A. bronchial constriction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. As a practioner, you would expect which parts of the physical examination to be affected by a dose of atropine or other parasympatholytic agent?
    a. GI examination
    b. neurological examination
    c. cardiac exammination
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  6. What is the adrenergic effect on bronchial smooth muscle?
    A. both
    B. dilation (relaxing)
    C. neither
    D. constriction
    B. dilation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Your patient is accidentally given a lare dose of a parasympathomimetic drug. What side effects of parasymathetic overstimulation do you expect to see?
    I. salivation
    II. lacrimation
    III. urination
    IV. devecation
    all of the above
  8. After administering a sympathomimetic ddrug to your patient, in what areas would you expect to see an upward trend?
    I. heart rate
    II. blood pressure
    III. blood sugar
    all of the above
  9. Your patient is suffering from bradycardia. Which type of drug do you recommend?
    A. parasympathomimetic
    B. sympathomimetic
    C. both a and c
    D. sympatholytic
    B. sympathomimetic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. A direct-acting cholinergic agent often used in bronchial challenge tests to assess the degree of airway activity is:
    A. neostigmine
    B. methocholine
    C. phospholine
    D. adrophonium
    B. methocholine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which type of impulses travel from the brain to neuroeffector sites?
    A. ganglionic
    B. reflex
    C. efferent
    D. afferent
    C. efferent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Epininephrine stimulates which of the following receptor sites?
    a. alpha
    b. beta1
    c. beta2
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  13. The stimulation of which receptor sites produces bronchial smooth muscle relation?
    A. alpha
    B. beta2
    C. beta1 and beta2
    D. beta1
    B. beta2
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Which of the following drugs are sympathomimetic agents?
    I. salmeterol
    II. dopamine
    III. labetalol
    IV. propranolol
    A. I, II, III, and IV
    B. II and III
    C. I, II and IV
    D. I and II
    D. I and II
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. You are treating a patient for bronchospasm. Albuterol (an adrenergic bronchodilator) is the only aerosolized agent being administered at this time. What other type of aerosolized drug might you recomment?
    A. both a and b
    B. a sympatholytic
    C. neither a nor b
    D. an anticholinergic bronchodilator
    D. an anticholinergic bronchodilator
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. You are treating an asthmatic who also happens to be taking propranolol (a beta blocker) for a history of cardiac arrhythmias. What effect would you expect albuterol to have on this patient?
    A. little or no effect
    B. synergistic effect
    C. an additive effect
    D. antagonistic effect
    A. little or no effect
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. In the parasympathetic branch of the nervous system, what name is given to the neurotransmitter that conducts nerve transmission at the ganglionic site?
    A. epinephrine
    B. acetylcholine
    C. norepinephrine
    D. cholinesterase
    B. acetylcholine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. A parasympathetic effect is generally the same as a(n):
    A. parasympatholytic effet
    B. muscarinic effect
    C. anticholinergic effect
    D. antimuscarinic effect
    B. muscarinic effect
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Cholinergic effect on *HEART RATE*
    decrease
  20. Cholinergic effect on *BRONCHIAL SMOOTH MUSCLE*
    constriction
  21. Cholinergic effect on *AIRWAY MUCOUS GLANDS*
    increase secretion
  22. Cholinergic effect on *SALIVARY GLANDS*
    increase secretion
  23. An agent causing stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system:
    parasympathomimetic
  24. An agent blocking or inhibiting the effects of the parasympathetic nervous system:
    parasympatholytic
  25. An agent causing stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system:
    sympathomimetic
  26. An agent blocking or inhibiting the effect of the sympathetic nervous system:
    sympatholytic
  27. A drug causing stimulation of a receptor for acetylcholine:
    cholinergic
  28. A drug blocking a receptor for acetylcholine:
    anticholinergic
  29. A drug stimulating a receptor for norepinephrine or epinephrine:
    adrenergic
  30. T/F
    There is little or no direct sympathetic innervation of airway smooth muscle in the human lung.
    T
  31. T/F
    The pulmonary circulation is innervated by both parasympathetic and sympathetic nerves.
    T
  32. T/F
    There is evidence of a branch of nerves that are neither parasympathetic nor sympathetic and can cause relaxation of airway smooth muscle.
    T
  33. T/F
    Muscarinic receptors are found in skeletal muscle.
    F
  34. T/F
    Nicotine is capable of stimulating both sympathetic and parasympathetic autonomic cholinergic receptors.
    ?